A Genealogical Record
Richardson and Buford
Elizabeth Buford Richardson
The J.W. Burke Company
The State Printing Company
this Digitized version of the
I am a 5th Great-Grandson of Captain William Richardson and his wife, Ann Magdalen Guignard Richardson, and a 2nd cousin 4 times removed to the author, Elizabeth Buford Richardson. I had been doing some research on the Broadway and Owen branches of my mother’s (Bessie Lamb Broadway) family when my 1st cousin, Myra Ann Broadway, told me she had a book about the family that her father (Thomas Graham Broadway, my mother’s brother) had given her some years ago. That book turned out to be A Genealogical Record with Reminiscences of the Richardson and Buford Families, by Elizabeth Buford Richardson 1906, and a treasure trove of information.
After numerous phone calls, online searches, and other unsuccessful attempts to find another copy for myself, I concluded that, while there are obviously some still in existence (the Sumter County Genealogical Society in Sumter, SC has one in its library) there are basically no available copies to be found. It seems that such a great source of family history should be more readily available to those who seek to discover their ancestral history, so I have taken it upon myself to digitize Myra’s copy of the book and post it online, thereby making it freely available to those that might be interested. I believe that doing this is in total keeping with the purpose of Elizabeth Buford Richardson in writing the book in the first place.
“Now, shall I let die with me that which I have been gathering for more than a half century, storing away in memory, in memoranda (sic) and in manuscript? I answer, no, for in that case much that is noble, much that is pure, much that is of good report, and much that is beautiful would be consigned to oblivion. . . .
“Let us be careful to preserve our family history as our forefathers left it. One line of substantiated truth is worth volumes of uncertainties.”
Elizabeth Buford Richardson
To make this digitized format more fully compatible with the “original” hard copy, the page breaks indicated herein are in keeping with the physical pages in the 1978 reprint version by The State Printing Company, Columbia, SC. One of the advantages of the digital format is the ability to use the search function of your browser to find names and/or places that may appear in the book.
Also, page 152 has a list of corrections by page and line number (the line numbers will not match up in this digitized version). I thought that for easier reading I would keep with the original text but to immediately follow that text with the corrected text in [brackets]. However, I have also retained the list of corrections on page 152 as it appears in the original printed text.
Elizabeth Buford Richardson died June 10, 1907, and was buried in the Sumter Cemetery, Sumter, South Carolina, between her first husband, John T. Gaddy and their infant daughter, Sophia Elizabeth.
For any errors, corrections, comments, or additional information, please e-mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org (do not change the subject line).
This little book I dedicate to the descendants of our common ancestors, Captain William and wife, Ann Magdalen (Guignard) Richardson, and to the descendants of William and wife, Frances (June) Buford; hoping you will “Pass all imperfections by.”
In every instance where I have failed to give “Honor to whom honor is due,” know that in those cases I have not succeeded in getting such information as I have desired. The rise and progress of each noble youth I could not know from personal observation, when sundered far from kinsmen’s land. I would only have been too glad to have recorded on these pages every item of interest connected with each and all.
From a child I have been much interested in the history of our ancestors and this interest has increased as years have multiplied. I suppose I have had opportunities of knowing more and of getting more information of our forefathers than anyone now living; having been conversant with two of the children of Capt. William and wife, Ann Magdalen (Guignard) Richardson, and conversant with two of William and wife, Frances (June) Buford’s children. I was reared at Bloom Hill, the ancestral home of the Richardsons, which was then the home of my grand-parents, Judge John S. and wife,
Elizabeth Lucretia (Buford) Richardson. I was named for this dear good grand-mother, and as my mother died before I was three years old she took me to her home and was a mother to me: hence Bloom Hill became my home. A large collection of family portraits hung on the walls of this mansion, as many as four generations were thus represented, and when relatives would be visiting in this home, where hospitality was as free as the air we breath, these portraits were often the subject of conversation. From these conversations I became familiar with many family traditions and learned much of family history.
I have also gathered some items from the long epitaphs on the stones which mark the graves of our ancestors, for Bloom Hill was their burial ground. Now, shall I let die with me that which I have been gathering for more than a half century, storing away in memory, in memoranda (sic) and in manuscript? I answer, no, for in that case much that is noble, much that is pure, much that is of good report, and much tat is beautiful would be consigned to oblivion.
Then, too, I have observed recently with great regret that from similarity of names and incidents, our family history is in danger of becoming a muddle, a confusion, from which I would gladly extricate it. As an instance—some of the descendants of Capt. William Richardson seem inclined to accept one Edward Richardson, bricklayer, of Charleston, S.C., to be the father of Capt. William Richardson. If they accept this, they must consign to oblivion the oft re-
peated family tradition of our forefather, William Richardson, having been born and reared in Virginia, of his running away from his father, of his coming to Charleston, S.C., bring his younger sister, Susannah, with him. And will all the traditions concerning Sea Captain Edward Richardson, an Englishman, the father of Capt. William Richardson meet a similar fate? And there are many other family traditions dear to us all which cannot be reconciled with this “new find” of the last decade.
All these traditions have been handed down to us from generation to generation for well nigh a century and a half, and from time to time have been engrafted into the history of the Richardson family, and they appear in manuscript form in several branches of the family at the present day. Let us hold fast to that which we have, and away with everything which cannot be reconciled with, and substantiated by the traditions handed down to us by our forefathers.
If those who would accept Edward Richardson, of Charleston, as their ancestor, as the father of William Richardson, would compare the following dates they would see that William and his sister, Susannah, were born long before Mrs. Fley, nee Elizabeth Poinsett became the “spouse” of Ed Richardson, of Charleston. William was born nine years and Susannah seven years previous to this incident.
Extract from St. Philips Church register, Charleston, S.C.:
Ed and Elizabeth
Ed and Elizabeth
13 July 1743
29 March 1745
13 Oct 1768
2 April 1730
Extract from Record Book, Probate Ct., Charleston, S.C.: Book 1754-58, page 471.
Edward Richardson, of Charleston, to Elizabeth Fley, his intended spouse, Deed of Gift.
He gives to Elizabeth Fley, “My intended spouse” property she got from her former husband, Samuel Fley. 10 Oct 1752.
It is a singular incident that Edward Richardson, of Charleston, like Sea Captain Edward Richardson, should have married one born Elizabeth Poinsett, but be it remembered that Ed Richardson, of Charleston, married Mrs. Fley, nee Elizabeth Poinsett, while Sea Captain Edward Richardson married Elizabeth Poinsett (no other name was ever connected with hers until she became Mrs. Richardson), and William was their seventh son. I have never heard the expression, seventh child, used in connection with him, but always seventh son, so it may be that some of his sisters were older than himself. We know that he had two sisters besides Susannah—Mrs. Moore and Mrs Moncrief, and there may have been others. But putting these suppositions aside, and remembering the date of William’s birth, and calculate as his being the seventh child—I conclude that Sea Captain Edward Richardson was married to Elizabeth Poinsett about the year, 1730, possibly a year or two
later, but more probably a year or two earlier. So then the marriage of Ed Richardson, of Charleston, and the marriage of Sea Captain Edward Richardson did not occur in the same score of years, probably between twenty or twenty five intervened.
I would also call attention to the date of William’s marriage. If he was the seventh son of Ed Richardson, of Charleston, and wife, Mrs. Fley, he would have been only a small child if not an infant in 1768 (the date of William’s marriage), and if he was their first child he could only have been fifteen years old in 1768, for we know that Ed Richardson, of Charleston, did not marry Mrs. Fley before 1752—she was only his “spouse” Oct 10, 1752. Their marriage may have taken place several years later as his “Deed of Gift” to Mrs. Fley was not recorded earlier than 1754.
Let us be careful to preserve our family history as our forefathers left it. One line of substantiated truth is worth volumes of uncertainties.
The Mayrant branch of the Richardson Family
The William Guignard Richardson branch of the Richardson family
The Charles Rich branch of the Richardson family
The John Smythe Richardson branch of the Richardson family
The Guignard branch of the Richardson family
The Ioor branch of the Richardson family
The Liddell branch of the Richardson family
. (Page 9)
Edward Richardson married Elizabeth Poinsett, 17—.
Gabriel Guignard married Frances deLesseline, November 10, 1746.
William Buford married Frances, June, 17—.
William Richardson married Ann Magdalen Guignard, October 13, 1768.
The Richardsons are of English descent. The Bufords emigrated from England to this country, but it is more than probable that they first emigrated from France to England; the original name was no doubt Beaufort. The Poinsetts, Guignards, deLesselines, and Junes were French Huguenots. The name, June, is variously spelled as follows: Juing, Jeune, and June.
It was probably about the year, 1730, that Sea Captain Edward Richardson married Elizabeth Poinsett. He was the seventh son of Sir John Richardson, of England, and was born in that country. When a boy, he wanted to engage in a seafaring business, but his parents objected; however, he ran away from them and went to sea. In time he became captain of a vessel and spent his life upon the seas; visiting many countries, none more often than the British
Colonies of America. We do not know where Captain Edward Richardson married Elizabeth Poinsett, but indications point to Virginia. He settled his family in the eastern part of Virginia. However, he may have married in Charleston, S.C., he sometimes stopped there on voyages, and Poinsetts were there among the refugees from France, the name occurs in the old records. But Sea Captain Edward Richardson never lived in Charleston or in any part of South Carolina. This fact accounts for us knowing so little of the Richardson family beyond our ancestor, William Richardson. The records in Charleston show that Edward Richardson, master of a vessel, the schooner “Elizabeth” hailing from Virginia, entered the port of Charleston about the year 1740.
Edward and wife Elizabeth (Poinsett) Richardson had a large family of sons and daughters. Our ancestor, William Richardson, the head of the family in South Carolina, whose history we are considering, was their seventh son. One of their daughters became Mrs. Moore, another daughter married a Moncrief. Mrs. Moncrief’s daughter, Cordelia Moncrief, married John Maynard Davis. Mr. Davis and wife Cordelia, lived and died near Charleston, S.C., leaving no descendants.
A younger daughter of Sea Captain Edward and wife Elizabeth (Poinsett) Richardson was Susannah, who came to Charleston with her brother William. Susannah Richardson married John Smythe in Charleston, S.C., and they
made their home in that city. John Smythe was a native of Trowbridge, England. His wife, Susannah, was born in Virginia, March 29, 1745, and died July 11, 1815. Mr. Smythe died in Charleston, May 14, 1833. They were buried side by side in the Richardson family burial ground* on the Bloom Hill plantation, in Sumter district, S.C. A heavy marble slab marks each grave, and the epitaphs are still legible. They left no descendants.
When William Richardson was quite a young man, he ran away from his father, and came to Charleston, S.C., bringing his younger sister, Susannah, with him. (It is supposed that before the brother and sister left their home in Virginia, their mother had died, and their father had married again.) This offended his father greatly and father and son were never on good terms again. Whenever they met they had high words, both being men of much temper.
When Sea Captain Edward Richardson died, mourning rings were sent to members of his family; William and Susannah each received one. The rings bore his name, date of death, etc. Unfortunately these rings have been lost.
Before we proceed with our reminiscences of William Richardson, we give a sketch in the next chapter of our ancestors, Gabriel and wife Frances (deLesseline) Guignard, whose daughter William Richardson married; and the third chapter will be devoted to William Buford’s family.
See Note A on last page of book
Gabriel Guignard married Frances deLesseline, November 10, 1746, in St. Philips Church, Charleston, S.C., the Rev Levi Durant officiating. Family tradition says: Frances was a daughter of the Marquis deLesseline, who was a Huguenot refugee from France to Charleston, S.C. Gabriel Guignard was born on the Island Oleron near Rochelle, France, December 12, 1708. He was a Huguenot refugee to South Carolina prior to 1737, in which year he became a member of “The South Carolina Society.”
Gabriel Guignard’s will stands recorded in Charleston S.C., dated “August 14, 1757;” date of probate “October 14, 1757.” He was buried “August 25, 1757.”
His marriage and burial are recorded in Register of St. Philips Church, Charleston, S.C., giving dates as above, his marriage is also recorded in Register of Christ Church parish, South Carolina, giving date. By this we surmise that Mr. Guignard was a member of Christ Church and Miss deLesseline, before her marriage, was a member of St. Philips Church or vice versa.
Extract from Probate Court Records, Charleston district, S.C. book 1757-60, page 58.
“Gabriel Guignard was born on the Island Oleron near Rochelle, France, December 12, 1708.”
Gabriel Guignard’s widow, Mrs. Frances (deLesseline) Guignard married (2) Col. Samuel Fley, July 5, 1758. This marriage is recorded in Register of St. Philips Church, Charleston, S.C.
Children of Gabriel and wife Frances (deLesseline) Guignard were: Ann Magdalen, John Gabriel, Margarett and Frances.
Children of our great great-grandmother born after her marriage to Col. Fley, were:
First—Samuel Fley, who never married.
Second—Elizabeth Catherine Fley, who married George Ioor, her half brother-in-law; there were no children of this marriage: so then, there are no descendants of Mrs. Fley’s second marriage, but the descendants of her first marriage are legion.
First—Ann Magdalen Guignard married William Richardson, merchant, October 13, 1768, in Charleston, S.C. The Rev. Samuel Hart officiating. She was the eldest child of Gabriel and wife Frances (deLesseline) Guignard, and was born February 7, 1750. This marriage is recorded in register of St. Philips Church, Charleston, S.C. It gives date of marriage, date of William’s birth and names of his parents.
At the time of his marriage, and for some years after, William Richardson’s home was in
Charleston, where he was conducting a very prosperous business as a merchant.
In chapter IV. of this record see a full account of William and wife Ann Magdalen (Guignard) Richardson.
Second—John Gabriel Guignard, merchant, married Elizabeth Sanders, a daughter of James and wife Sarah (Slaun) Sanders; James Sanders was a son of William and wife Margaret (Moore) Sanders. John Gabriel was the only son of Gabriel and wife Frances (deLesseline) Guignard and was born in 1752. Many years he resided in Charleston, S.C., and prospered greatly in the mercantile business. The following advertisements and notices quoted from leading journals of that age, may be interesting to some of our readers. More than a century has passed since they were published.
In the “South Carolina Weekly Gazette” of Saturday, May 10, 1783, Guignard and Freeman advertise that “at their store, No 81 Tradd St, they are opening a neat assortment of goods just received.”
In the “South Carolina Weekly Gazette” of August 16, 1783, “John Postell and John Gabriel Guignard to be known as Postell & Guignard.”
Slaun and Guignard advertise in the “South Carolina Gazette and Public Advertiser” of October 6, 1784.
In the same paper of April 15, 1785, J.G. Guignard advertises for sale—“a plantation of 550 acres in the high hills of the Santee, and one of 450 acres on Black River.”
“The City Gazette and Daily Advertiser” of December 18, 1798, announces the appointment on the 13th, of John Gabriel Guignard as Surveyor-General of South Carolina.
After this appointment Mr. Guignard moved to Columbia, S.C., and lived on Senate Street. Mrs. Guignard died September 1, 1814, aged 51 years; and he died January 9, 1822, aged 70 years and two months. They were both buried in Trinity church yard, Columbia, S.C.
John Gabriel and wife Elizabeth (Sanders) Guignard left one child, a son—James Sanders Guignard who married Caroline Richardson. In Chapter IX. of this record see a full account of James Sanders and wife Caroline (Richardson) Guignard and their descendants.
Third—Margaret Guignard married Gen. Peter Horry, a noted gentleman, a scholar and historian. Margaret was the third child of Gabriel and wife Frances (deLesseline) Guignard. Gen. Peter and wife Margaret (Guignard) Horry left no descendants.
Fourth—Frances Guignard married George Ioor, a son of John and wife Mary (Wallace) Ioor, of Dorchester, S.C., and John was a son of Joseph Ioor. See Chapter XI.
George and wife Frances lived in their home “Clermont” on their plantation near Statesburg, Sumter district, S.C. Mrs. Ioor died in 1807 and was buried in the little home cemetery at Clermont.
George Ioor married (2) Elizabeth Catherine Fley, his half sister-in-law. Mr. Ioor died soon after his second marriage and was buried at Clermont. There were no children of the (2) marriage. George and (1) wife Frances (Guignard) Ioor had three children—one daughter, and two sons: John and Benjamin. The daughter died in Charleston, S.C., where she had just completed her education. In Chapter XI. of this record see a full account of General John Ioor and Dr. Benjamin Ioor and their descendants.
William Buford married Frances June, 17—. They emigrated from Brunswick county, Virginia, to South Carolina and settled the well known Buford plantation near Gourdin on the northeast side of the Santee river in Williamsburg district. From the family mansion to the state-road* leading to Charleston, was a beautiful avenue of cedars one mile in length, a cool inviting retreat well known and much admired.
The spring which supplied the family with water, flowing from the foot of the bluff on which the old mansion stood, still gurgles on as of yore and is known far and wide in that section as the “Buford Spring,” and is often visited. We visited this spring of our ancestors December, 1893, and drank water from its basin. Mrs. N.T. Pittman, whose maiden name was Emma Buford Rich, a great grand-daughter of William and wife Frances (June) Buford, now owns this plantation and her handsome residence is on that part of it which extends up into Gourdin. We have been informed that the County Record of Brunswick county, Virginia, show that William Buford and wife Frances were
*See Note B on last page of book.
living in said county as late as 1762, and owned much land there. Many of the same name are living in that county now, elegant, cultured people: we recognize each other as the same family, though death has removed all who could have traced the connecting link.
William Buford and family must have emigrated to South Carolina ten or twelve years before the Revolutionary War. He was a valiant patriot and an officer in the American Army, Revolutionary War. He was taken prisoner by the British, when at his home near Gourdin, on a furlough, and when exchanged was in service again.
He was severely wounded in the groin at the battle of Eutaw Spring, S.C., September 8, 1781. He survived the war and lived to see all his children married.
William Buford was a noble and true man; he was very highly esteemed throughout a large section of country; when a guardian was to be chosen for orphan children, none so much desired as he. We have seen stated in an old manuscript that at one time he had no less than twenty wards in his home.
He died in 1810 or 1811, and though many years had elapsed, it was thought that the severe wound in the groin was the cause of his death. His wife had preceded him to the grave many years; we think she died in 1790. Her youngest child Emma Corbet was an infant at the time of the mother’s death and she was born August 12, 1789.
Children of William and wife Frances (June) Buford were as follows: Elizabeth Lucretia B., Frances B., Mary B., William June B., and Emma Corbet B.
First—Elizabeth Lucretia Buford married (1) Thomas Couturier. The Couturiers were among the first settlers of the country, they were Huguenots and very esteemed. Mr. and Mrs. Couturier’s home was across the Santee river in what is now Berkely county, then we think it was Charleston district. Mr. Couturier died early leaving two children, both of them soon followed him to the grave.
Mrs. Couturier married (2) John Smythe Richardson, attorney at law. He was the third son of Captain William and wife Ann Magdalen (Guignard) Richardson. He was a talented young man with a classic education and a brilliant career ahead of him. Mrs. Richardson was indeed a charming woman, beautiful in person, heart and life. When she was just budding into womanhood her mother died, and in dying committed to her care and training her younger sisters and brother. Thus early she was called upon to take up life's duties and responsibilities and faithful she was to the trust.
In early life as in riper years her many social virtues and her natural kindness of heart drew around her many friends, whose friendship she delighted to reciprocate. She had a big heart and took an interest in every one; her colored
people were never allowed to want for anything; her anxious concern for the welfare of her children and grand-children never ceased so long as she sojourned on earth, and when she died the poor in her neighborhood mourned the loss of her, who had been so keeuly (sic) alive to their distresses.
When this dear good grand-mother was growing old she suffered much from rheumatism, and as a consequence she was greatly hindered from walking, had to use a rolling chair and as time went on she had to lie much in bed. Her bedroom then became our sitting room; she loved to have us there and we so loved to be with her. She was very cheerful through all her sufferings and continued to manage her household affairs as formerly. Her well trained servants doing her faithful service, so that every thing went on like clockwork in that well regulated home.
She was a devoted Christian, a member of the Episcopal church; her forefathers were Episcopalians as were all the Bufords we ever knew.
Mrs. Richardson died in the summer of 1859, in her eighty-fourth year and was laid to rest in the Bloom Hill family burial ground, by the side of her second husband—Judge John Smythe Richardson, who had preceded her to the grave nine years.
In Chapter VIII. see a full account of Mrs. Richardson’s descendants in connection with the record of her husband—Judge John Smythe Richardson.
Second—Frances Buford married Rev. Hugh Fraser. She was his third wife. The history of Rev. Hugh Fraser and his descendants, is so interwoven into the history of the Richardson and Buford families, that it is incumbent upon us to give the following sketch of him and his descendants.
The Frasers have always been high-toned cultured people. Rev. Hugh Fraser was a native of Scotland, and a minister in the Episcopal church. He first married Miss Porter, she died when only in her seventeenth year leaving one son, Benjamin Porter. Benjamin Porter Fraser married Agnes Kerpatric [Kirkpatrick]; they both died early leaving two children. Hugh and Agnes.
Hugh Fraser, Jr., married Miss Western; two sons were the fruits of this marriage; Benjamin and Paul. Hugh Fraser, Jr., died early and the mother took her two sons to Edinburgh, Scotland to be educated. They had just completed their education when our Civil War broke out, and now their brave souls fired with patriotism and love of native land, could no longer rest in ease, while the South was struggling for her rights. Soon they crossed the Atlantic, landed in South Carolina, joined the Southern army and fought bravely to the close of the war. Paul Fraser survived the war only a few years.
The elder brother Benjamin Fraser married and settled in Georgetown county. He is a prosperous business man, a true type of the antebellum Southern gentleman; and is the father of nine sons and daughters.
Agnes Fraser, daughter of Benjamin Porter and wife Agnes (Kerpatric) [(Kirkpatrick)] Fraser, and sister of Hugh Fraser, Jr. Married [married] F.D. Richardson, of Charleston, S.C. He was the youngest child of Judge John Smythe and wife Elizabeth Lucretia (Buford) Richardson. Agnes was reared in the family of her mother’s uncle—Davison McDowell. More of these and their descendants in Chapter VIII. of this record.
Rev. Hugh Fraser married (2) Mary Buford. Mary died early leaving a son—Peter William. Then it was that Frances Buford, eldest sister of Mary, became the third wife of Rev. Hugh Fraser as stated at the beginning of this sketch. Frances was lovely, her step-son, Peter William, said of her: “She was so good to me that I never felt the loss of my mother.”
Rev. Hugh Fraser’s home was Enfield on the Peedee river, and he was the minister in charge of the Episcopal church in Georgetown. He outlived his three lives.
Children of Rev. Hugh and wife Frances (Buford) Fraser were as follows: Mary Elizabeth F., and Frances June Buford F.
1st. Mary Elizabeth Fraser married Hugh Fraser Grant.
The father of Hugh Fraser Grant and Rev. Hugh Fraser were very dear friends, both were Scotchmen, hence the name Hugh Fraser in the Grant family. Hugh Fraser Grant was a cultured gentleman and very highly esteemed. There are those in this community (Milledgeville, Georgia) repre-
sentatives of the elite when Milledgeville was the capital of Georgia, who have pleasing recollections of the polished Hugh Fraser Grant who so long served his district in the Georgia senate. After the close of the Civil War, Mr. Grant and family made their home in Savannah, Ga. They had six children as follows: Frances Amelia G., Maria Eugenia G., Sarah Allen G., Hugh Fraser G., Mary Louisa G., and Buford Rose G.
I. Frances Amelia Grant married Dr. Daniel H.B. Troup. Their three children were as follows:
1. Hugh Fraser Grant Troup who never married.
2. Maria Hayward Troup married John King Nightengale. Their six children are as follows:
Frances Grant N., Brailsford Troup N., Phineous Milles N., Murrey N., Maud Troup N., and Mary N.
3. Mary Frances Troup died in infancy.
II. Maria Eugenia Grant married Major Mallery Page King. He died a few years ago in their home at Brunswick, Ga. Their four children are as follows:
1. Mary Ann King married Mr. Parker.
2. Thomas Butler King, died, aged 2 years, 6 months.
3. Frances Buford King married Franklin D. Aken. They have four children:
Malloery King A., Isaac Means A., Frances Buford A., and Franklin Dunwody A.
4. Florence Page King married Henry Baker Maxey. They have two children: Eugenia Grant M. and Annie Baker M.
III. Sarah Allen Grant married Rev. Samuel Benedict, D.D., a minister of the Episcopal church. For some years their home was in Savannah, Ga,; where he was pastor of St. John’s church. He resigned this charge to accept a call to a church in Cincinnati, Ohio, where he met his death in an elevator, when descending from an upper story in a hotel where he had been visiting a sick parishioner. His wife survives him. She has no children, but the Rev. Mr. Benedict left children of a former marriage.
IV. Hugh Fraser Grant, Jr., married Mrs. Wade, nee Georgia Rogers. Their children are as follows: Fraser Rogers G., Mary Rose G., Caroline Stiles G., Anna West G.
V. Mary Louisa Grant married Charles Fredrick Conrad of Virginia. She died leaving two children: Mary Whiting C., and Hugh Fraser Grant C.
VI. Buford Rose Grant, youngest child of Hugh Fraser and wife Mary Elizabeth (Fraser) Grant, died young.
2nd. Frances June Buford Fraser married married John Ash Alston, of Charleston, S.C. He was a wealthy planter. His handsome home was in Charleston. Frances was the second daugh-
ter of Rev. Hugh and (3) wife Frances (Buford) Fraser. She died in her home in Charleston, in 1897. Her husband had preceded her to the grave many (sic) years. Children were born unto them as follows:
I. Hugh Fraser Alston died in infancy.
II. Theodocious Alston, M.D. is now dead.
III. John Ash Alston, attorney at law, married Emma Sanders. He died leaving three children—John Ash A., Helen A., William Algenon A. Of these John and Helen are dead. William Algenon Alston, who is a pharmacist, lives with his widowed mother near Hagood, S.C.
IV. Washington Alston was a soldier in the Confederate Army and was killed in battle.
V. Helen Alston lives in Charleston.
VI. Algenon Alston (1) died in infancy.
VII. Algenon Alston (2) died in his 17th year.
VIII. Frances Alston lives in Charleston.
IX. Roland Alston, M.D., unmarried. He and his two sisters, Helen and Fannie, live in their old home in Charleston, S.C.
X. Edmond Alston died in infancy.
XI. Thomas Lynch Alston married Helen Leroy Sanders. Their home is in Anderson, S.C. They have two children—William A. and Helen A.
Third—Mary Buford married Rev. Hugh Fraser. She was his second wife and the third child of William and wife Frances (June) Buford. Their home was “Enfield” on the Peedee River in Georgetown District, S.C. Mrs. Fraser died early, leaving one child, a son, Peter William F.
1st. Peter William Fraser married Mary Allston Pauley in 1828. This son of Rev. Hugh and (2) wife Mary (Buford) Fraser was born in 1802. He graduated from the South Carolina college taking degree A.B. in class of 1822.
The Pauleys were among the first settlers of South Carolina. Pauley Island was granted to a forefather of Mary Alston Pauley by one of the King Georges.
Mr. and Mrs. Fraser live at her ancestral home, “True Blue” on Waccamau River until after the death of his father, Rev. Hugh Fraser, then they moved to Enfield, his ancestral home. Mr. Fraser having bought from his-half sisters their interest in this home.
In 1849 Mr. and Mrs. Fraser moved to Charleston, S.C., to educate their only child; but, alas, they both died in 1849, leaving one child, Jennie R. Fraser.
I. Jennie R. Fraser married (1) Nathaniel Barnwell, of Beauford, S.C. Mr. and Mrs. Barnwell lived at Enfield. He died leaving no children. Mrs. Barnwell married (2) Dr. Benjamin Clay Fishburne. Dr. Fishburne’s home was in Charleston. He died and Mrs. Fishburne married (3) Thomas
W. Hughes. Their home is in Charleston, South Carolina.
Fourth—William June Buford, M.D., married Mrs. Chovine, nee Elizabeth Towner. He was the only son of William and wife Frances (June) Buford. Their beautiful home was on Weetee Lake in Williamsburg District, S.C., and their summer residence joined the Bloom Hill Plantation and was quite near the summer residence of Judge John S. Richardson, his brother-in-law. The two families enjoyed each other’s society, and very pleasantly and only too rapidly the summers passed. We remember well when a vista was cut through the forest that each family might see the other when seated on their front veranda. Childhood’s happy days were ours then, and the love we had for Uncle and Aunt Buford remains with us still. We can see him now as he moved about in his comfortable, happy home in the long ago—and a pleasing recollection it is. Kindness, love and gentleness united with his handsome distinguished personal appearance: indeed he was a fine type of the old antebellum Southern Gentleman.
He died about the year 1845, and his remains were laid to rest in the Bloom Hill family burial ground.
His beloved wife survived him many years, living to bless us all with her motherly sympathy; indeed, she seemed to adopt each and every member of her husband’s family as her very own, and we never thought of her as other than our own dear aunt.
In her declining years she bough a home near the town of Sumter, S.C. God led her there, He had a work for her to do. It was while she resided in this home that largely through her interest and liberality the Episcopal Church in Sumter was built. She loved her church and was a devoted Christian. She died about the year 1866. Dr. and Mrs. Buford left no descendants.
Fifth—Emma Corbet Buford married William Guignard Richardson, March 5, 1809, the Rev. Hugh Fraser officiating. She was his second wife. He was the eldest son of Captain William and wife Ann Magdalen (Guignard) Richardson, and Emma was the youngest child of William and wife Frances (June) Buford. She was born August 12, 1789. It has been said that William Buford’s daughters were all very beautiful women, surely none could have exceeded Mr. Richardson in loveliness, and she was very much beloved.
She died very suddenly February 23, 1843, in her fifty-fourth year. She had been the mother of twelve children, nine survived her.
In Chapter VI. of this Record, see a full account of her descendants in connection with the record of her husband—William Guignard Richardson.
Captain William Richardson married Ann Magdalen Guignard, October 13, 1768, in Charleston, S.C.. the Rev. Samuel Hart officiating. This marriage is recorded in St. Philip’s Church register, giving the date of marriage, date of William’s birth, and names of his parents.
In the “South Carolina Gazette” of Monday, October 17, 1768, in column announcing marriages we may read the following: “As was also on Thursday, Mr. William Richardson, merchant, to Miss Ann Guignard, daughter of the late Mr. Gabriel Guignard.” In the “South Carolina Gazette and Country Journal” of Tuesday, October 18, 1768, is another announcement of their marriage as follows: “Married— Mr. William Richardson, merchant, to Miss Ann Guignard, daughter of the late Mr. Gabriel Guignard.”
Ann Magdalen was the first child of Gabriel and wife Frances (deLesseline) Guignard and was born February 7, 1750. William was the seventh son of Captain Edward and wife Elizabeth (Poinsett) Richardson, and was born in Virginia, July 13, 1743. When William was a young man, he left his home in Virginia, came to Charleston, S.C., bring with him his younger sister, Susannah. See sketch of Susannah Richardson in Chapter I. of this record.
William Richardson was of noble birth, but he separated himself from his family, and so unaided by family influence he had to carve his own fortune. Behold him a youth and a stranger in a large city, thrown completely upon his own resources; but like magic he rose to the emergency, established himself in the mercantile business, in which he greatly prospered; and by fortunate investments accumulated a large fortune. He married into a distinguished French Family. And as we follow him on in his political and military career, we see how grandly he served his country, and how firmly he established himself in the hearts of his countrymen.
Shortly after his marriage William purchased pew No. 40 in St. Michael’s Church, Charleston, S.C., paying for it 350 pounds sterling. The deed, which is still extant, shows that it was bought May 30, 1769, from John Ward, witnesses, Thomas Jones and Edward Simons.
For some years William Richardson continued to reside in Charleston; then he moved with his family to his plantation, “Bloom Hill” on the Waterree River in what is now Sumter County; we think it was then the East Waterree District.
In the olden times the Bloom Hill Plantation was sometimes called “High Hills of Santee.” It is near the junction of the Waterree and Congaree, which rivers form the Santee; hence the name Santee was applied to the high hills which extend not only along the upper Santee, but far up the Waterree. We think the name of the Warerree River has been changed.
The Bloom Hill Plantation was a very large tract of land—eight thousand acres—and was divided into settlements, each settlement bearing its own name. The first and principle settlement previous to the Revolutionary War was “Bel-Air” which was the home of the family before and during the war. This residence was situated about six hundred yards south of the family burial ground, on a high bluff of the river swamp, a grand and beautiful situation, almost within hearing of the murmurs of the once famous Ben Spring where Marion and his compatriots oft quenched their thirst.
Magdalen was reared in Charleston; she was highly educated, cultured, and fond of society; so it is not surprising that her inclinations did not coincide with those of her husband when he proposed to live in the country. William sympathized with his wife’s reluctance to leave the city, and being a fond and an indulgent husband he sought wherewith he might reconcile her to the change. He knew her fondness for music and reading, so as a conciliatory measure, he ordered for her from England a fine, sweet toned organ, and a handsome library of English bound* books. The Richardson coat of arms was stamped in each book. He spared no pain nor expense in making their home beautiful and attractive, and Bel-Air soon became a joy to its inmates and the admiration of the many who were partakers of the generous hospitality which was extended from the halls of this mansion.
*See Note C on last page of book.
Captain William Richardson drew around him the leading men of his day; he was the friend and confidant of General Francis Marion, also of Gov. John Rutledge, who with their families were often guests at Bel-Air. General Green was also his friend. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, author of the famous saying—“Millions for defense, not one cent for tribute”—was one of William Richardson’s executors, and a much honored and esteemed friend..
Bloom Hill is historic, it appears on the earliest maps of South Carolina, and has always been a place of note. In the latter part of the year 1781, after the patriots under Gen. Green had recovered a part of the state, Governor Rutledge returned from North Carolina to re-establish civil government in South Carolina, the executive then made headquarters for a time with William Richardson at Bel-Air on the Bloom Hill Plantation.
Family tradition says that near the Bel-Air mansion was an immense tree in which there was a hollow, and in this hollow the patriots were accustomed to deposit notes of information for one another as to the conduct of the war and movements of the English troops.
From Col. Thurburn’s orderly books written in 1851 the following extract is taken: “When Charleston was beleaguered by Gen. Cluster, Gov. Rutledge was advised to withdraw from the city, that he might be better able to annoy the enemy and cut off the aid and supplies that they might otherwise obtain from the country. * * *
The governor’s family had previously withdrawn, like most of those who could effect it, and were residing near where Statesburg now stands, at the home, I believe, of Col. William Richardson, since owned and occupied by his son, the late lamented Judge John S. Richardson.”
For more than half a century after Capt. William Richardson had passed away, the South Carolina historians continued to make frequent mention of this illustrious patriot as the following extracts show:
“William Richardson was a member of the first Provincial Congress of South Carolina.” See I. Moulyrie, pp. 13-17.
“He was appointed on committee to carry into effect the continental association.” I. Moultrie, pp. 41-45.
“William Richardson was appointed captain in first regiment of riflemen.” See I. Ramsey, p. 52.
“Capt. William Richardson was captured at the fall of Charleston in 1780 and paroled to his plantation.” II. Moultrie, p. 100.
“He was exchanged in May, 1871.” II. Ramsey, pp. 198-298.
“When exchanged Capt. William Richardson was appointed Commissary General by Gov. Rutledge.” After this appointment his plantation became the depot of supplies for the state Troops. See Ramsey, James, “Gibbes Doc. History of Revolutionary War in South Carolina.”
While Capt. William Richardson was a prisoner on parole he held a passport from Lord
Rawdon, granting him permission to go occasionally from his plantation on the High Hills to Charleston.
In this passport William Richardson is commended for the strict and honorable observance of his parole. This passport is still extant and is in the possession of T.E. Richardson of Sumter, S.C., who is a great grand-son of Capt. William Richardson.
It has always been a mystery where Capt. William Richardson stored the army supplies while he was Commissary General. The British made raids upon the plantation, but there is no account of a capture of army supplies. Some have made a search for a secret cave along the high bluff of the river swamp, thinking that in only such a place could have been concealed so large an amount of supplies as shown by extant letters. He was always ready to respond in some measure to every call made upon him for powder, lead, muskets, bayonets, cartouch paper, twine, sugar, cloth, iron, salt, etc. Although far in the interior he seemed to be able to gather up the indigo, the money crop of the day, send it off to the West Indies and elsewhere to exchange for needed goods of all kinds. It was known that he drew largely upon his private means to keep up these supplies. At his death, the government owed him many thousands of pounds sterling, for which his descendants never received a penny.
On one occasion the British entered Bel-Air seeking William Richardson, disappointed at not
finding him, but seeing on the wall a handsome portrait of the young officer, one of the soldiers with his bayonet pierced an eye of the portrait. However, when the war was over a skilled artist so perfectly repaired the breach that no defect appears and the sign of the rent can only be found by searching for it on the opposite side of the canvas. This portrait is now in the possession of John Smythe Richardson, 4th of Sumter, S.C., who is a great great grand-son of Capt. William Richardson. It possesses a charm for all the descendants whose name is legion. There is another portrait in the family, very interesting, and more ancient than the one we have been considering, that of Mr. Gabriel Guignard, nee Frances deLesseline, who is the common ancestor of all Capt. William Richardson’s descendants, being the mother of his wife.
Davy, the faithful valet of Capt. William Richardson, deserves mention in this record. Davy was noted for his fidelity and devotion to his master and to his master’s family. During those troublous times, when the whole country was in a state of unrest and his master, young, impetuous, and high spirited; this devoted slave would not only shield his master in time of danger, but ever on alert, would step forward at the right moment frequently preventing trouble and perhaps sorrow.
When Davy died he was laid to rest in the west end of the Bloom Hill burial ground (which spot was appropriated for the colored dead), and his grave marked with a marble tombstone, the
epitaph headed “Faithful Davy.” A few steps further on we may read the epitaph on the tomb of “Honest Jack,” a faithful servant of Judge John Smythe Richardson, the third son of Capt. William Richardson.
As time passed on it became apparent that Bel-Air was too near the river swamp. The family was subject to fever especially during the summer and autumn months; so in 1784 or ‘85 Capt. Richardson selected a beautiful site in his grounds, one mile east of the burial ground, and was having a large and handsome mansion erected; but, alas, he did not live to see it completed. His widow completed it, but changed the plan of the house, making it like unto her grand-father’s home in France. This was the well-known Bloom Hill residence. The first story was built of stone, the second and third of cypress, such durable material that there is no telling how long this building would have lasted had it not been destroyed by fire in the year 1865,
Capt. William Richardson died of fever at Bel-Air, February 17, 1786, aged 42 years, 7 months, and 4 days.
In the Charleston Morning Post and Daily Advertiser of March 1, 1786 appeared the following: “Died—At the High Hills of Santee, William Richardson, Esq., of that place.”
His life was very precious to his family; his death a great blow. He was a strong character, gallant and chivalrous, of resolute will, which was tempered by a big, warm, and generous heart:
yet, all of this had to succumb to death before he had reached the prime of life.
In the Bloom Hill burial ground he was laid to rest. The following is the inscription on his tomb:
HERE LIES THE BODY
WHO DEPARTED THIS LIUFE
ON THE 17TH OF FEBRUARY
ANNO DOMINI 1786
HE WAS A MOST AFFECTIONATE HUSBAND,
TENDER PARENT, INDULGENT MASTER
AND VALUED FRIEND.
“Behold, God is my salvation, I will trust and not be
afraid, for the Lord Jehovah is my strength and my song.”
“Justice and judgment are the habitation of Thy Throne;
Mercy and truth shall go before Thy Face.”
Mrs. Richardson survived her husband twenty-four years. She died May 23, 1810, in Columbia, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. James Sanders Guignard. Her remains were taken to Bloom Hill and buried by the side of her husband. The epitaphs on the heavy marble tombs are still legible and tell us where these, our ancestors rest.
In 1893 we visited this sacred spot which had been the burial ground of the Richardson family for more than a century. We found the graves, the marble slabs, tombstones, and monuments in wonderful preservation and much the same as when we walked among them in early childhood.
This little cemetery with right of way, will ever belong to the descendants of Capt. William Richardson, having been reserved when the plantation was sold.
Children of Capt. William and wife Ann Magdalen (Guignard) Richardson were as follows:
1st. Ann R. was born May 22, 1771, and was baptized the same day by the Rev. Samuel Hart. She became Mrs. William Mayrant.
2nd. William Guignard R. was born April 16, 1773, 10:30 p.m.
3rd. Charles Poinsett R. was born January 13, 1776, 2 a.m.
4th. John Smythe R. was born April 11, 1777, 11 a.m.
5th. Caroline R. was born February 7, 1779, 2 a.m. She became Mrs. James Sanders Guignard.
6th. Manly R. was born February 14, 1781, 3 a.m.
7th. Emily R. was born August 7, 1783, 11 p.m. She became Mrs. John Ioor.
8th. Bethia Frances R. was born December 31, 1784, 11 p.m. She became Mrs. Moses Liddell.
The Mayrant Branch of the Richardson Family
First—Ann Richardson married Col. William Mayrant, attorney at law, May 17, 1787, at Bloom Hill. She was the eldest child of Capt. William and wife Ann Magdalen (Guignard) Richardson, and was born in Charleston, S.C., May 22, 1771. The Mayrants were among the first settlers of South Carolina; the name Nicholas Mayrant appears in a list of French refugees who were admitted to citizenship by an act of Assembly in South Carolina about the year 1689, see Statutes at Large of South Carolina. Later on there was James Mayrant, and afterwards James Nicholas (probably father and son), whose names appear in the records as justices of the peace or members of the assembly. Then come Judith, Elizabeth, and John, children of Mrs. Susannah Mayrant (widow), of St. James, Santee.
Judith Mayrant married (1) Mr. Marshaw or Meshaw. He died in six months, left no children.
Judith married (2) Stephen Bull, Jr., eldest son of Stephan Bull, lieutenant governor of South Carolina. Stephen Bull, Jr. died leaving one son, William Bull.
Judith married (3) Robert Pringle, judge of court of common pleas of South Carolina. They
had children as follows: John Julius, Robert, and Elizabeth. The three sons of Judith, namely—William Bull, John Julius Pringle, and Robert Pringle married three daughters of Dr. James Reed of the Horse Shoe, St. Bartholemew Parish, namely, Elizabeth, Susannah, and Mary. Elizabeth Pringle married William Freeman. She died leaving no children.
The brother of Judith and Elizabeth, John Mayrant, married Miss Woodruff. John Mayrant and wife died early leaving two sons, John and William, who were reared in the Bull and Pringle family.
The elder of these two Mayrant brothers, John Mayrant, Jr., married Isabella Narvell. He distinguished himself in battle under Paul Jones, and is mentioned in history. They lived in Statesburg, Sumter District, S.C., some years, then they moved to Mississippi. At the time they moved they had one son, J.N. Mayrant and perhaps other children.
It was the younger of the Mayrant brothers mentioned above, William, whom Ann Richardson married. Hon. William Mayrant was a member of congress about the year 1813 or later. His home “High Hills,” a handsome mansion, was near Statesburg, it has long since passed out of the family, but it is still known throughout that section as the old home of the Mayrants.
The hills around Statesburg furnish beautiful seats for residence, and in the first part of the nineteenth century there was no section in South Carolina more remarkable than this for culture,
elegance, and fashion. Within a compass of a few miles were the families of Judge Waties, General and Colonel Sumter, Attorney General (afterwards Judge) Richardson, Dr. Brownfield, the Mayrants, the Ioors, and others who were permanent residents, and still others of the elite of the low country resorted here during the summer months.
Mrs. Mayrant was a very beautiful woman. Her brother, Judge Richardson, had in his home at Bloom Hill, a life size portrait of this sister which he prised very highly. It was indeed a handsome picture. This brother and sister loved each other very much. When a mere tot in the long ago we knew them: their hair had lost its gold, their step its elasticity, but time had wrought no change in those loving hearts knit together in early childhood.
Col. William Mayrant died about the year 1840. His widow survived him ten or more years. Thirteen children were born unto them as follows: A daughter, a son, William and Charles twin brothers, Ann, Frances, Placidia, John W., Woodruff, Emily, Samuel, Robert P., and Charlotte.
1st. A daughter was born at Bloom Hill January 4, 1789, and died at birth.
2nd. A son was born in Statesburg July, 1790, and died the day after his birth.
3rd. William Mayrant, Jr., attorney at law,
married Sarah Hall Horry Bay. He was the twin brother of Charles and was born May 18, 1792 at the Mayrant Plantation near Manchester, S.C. He graduated A.B. from the South Carolina College, Columbia, in class of 1811. His wife was a daughter of William and wife Ann (Davis) Bay; and she was a niece of Hon. Elihu Hall Bay. She was also an adopted daughter of Gen. Peter and wife Margaret (Guignard) Horry. After his father’s death William and his family resided with his mother at High Hills.
William Mayrant, Jr. died March 22, 1840, aged 48 years. Four children were born unto William and wife Sarah Ann Horry (Bay) Mayrant as follows: Sarah Ann, William H., John Richardson, Mary Charlotte.
I. Sarah Ann Mayrant married Col. William E. Richardson, a cousin. More of her and her descendants in Chapter VI of this record in connection with the record of her husband.
II. William H. Mayrant married Katherine Drayton. They left two children as follows:
1. Katherine Drayton Mayrant who married S. Lewis Simons.
2 William Richardson Mayrant not married [married later].
III. John Richardson Mayrant died soon after attaining years of majority.
IV. Mary Charlotte Mayrant married R.H. Clarkson. She died leaving two sons: Both are married and have families.
4th. Charles Mayrant married Caroline Kinloch. She was a daughter of Francis and wife Martha (Rutledge) Kinloch. Charles Mayrant and William were twin brothers and were born May 18, 1792, at the Mayrant Plantation near Manchester, S.C. Charles graduated from the South Carolina College in class 1811, taking degree A.B. He died March 1834. Charles and wife Caroline (Kinloch) Mayrant left four children: Francis Kinloch, Ann, Frances Caroline, Charles W.
I. Francis Kinloch Mayrant married Anna Waties. Their home was in Charleston, S.C. They left two children.
1. Caroline Kinloch Mayrant.
2. Eloise Waties Mayrant who married R.B. Cuthbert. Their home is in Charleston, S.C.
II. Ann Mayrant married Edward Simons of Charleston, S.C., and they made their home in that city.
III. Frances Caroline Mayrant married Wilson Waties Rees of Statesburg, S.C., where they made their home. He has been dead many years. She still lives in her home in Statesburg. Six children were born unto them as follows:
1. William James Rees married Annie C. Childs.
2. Katherine Waties Rees married Thomas S. Sumter.
3. Wilson Waties Rees married Julia Frierson.
4. Caroline Kinloch Rees married de Saussure Bull.
5. Charles Mayrant Rees married (1) Julia Hayden. He married (2) Miss Witrell.
6. Mary Waties Rees married John Rutledge Sumter.
IV. Charles W. Mayrant never married. He was the youngest child of Charles Kinloch Mayrant. When his parents died he was quite young and was adopted by his uncle Samuel Mayrant. Charles was severely wounded in the Confederate Army, Civil War, but he survived the war eight or ten years.
5th. Ann Mayrant, daughter of Col. William and wife Ann (Richardson) Mayrant was born at High Hills, May 15, 1794, and died the following November.
6th. Frances [Caroline] Mayrant married Robert Bentham, Esq., of Charleston, S.C. She was born at High Hills near Statesburg, October 10, 1795. Their home was an elegant mansion in Charleston, S.C. They had two children as follows: Charles Mayrant B. and Mary Ann B.
I. Charles Mayrant Bentham died of yellow fever in 1854, soon after he attained majority.
II. Mary Ann Bentham married T. Grange Simons of Charleston, S.C. She has been dead many years. Her husband still survives and lives in his ancestral home where
he was born and reared. T. Grange and wife Mary Ann (Bentham) Simons had five children as follows:
1. Robert Bentham Simons married Caroline Eloise Wayies. Their home is in Charleston. They have two children as follows:
a. Jeannie Rees Simons who married D.M. Richardson, a cousin, of Sumter, S.C. They reside in Columbia, S.C., and have children who are mentioned in Chapter VIII in D.M.R.’s record.
b. Caroline Eloise Simons who lives with her parents.
2. T. Grange Simons, Jr., M.D., married Serena Aiken. Their home is in Charleston. Their surviving children are as follows: Joseph S., Serena S., T. Grange S., Ella S., Lucas S., Bentham S., Albert S.
3. William Lucas Simons left no descendants.
4. Frances Caroline Simons married Mr. Waring.
5. Caroline [Catherine] Hume Simons, youngest child of T. Grange and wife Mary Ann (Bentham) Simons, lives with her father.
7th. Placidia Mayrant married J. Jasper Adams. She was born at High Hills September 11, 1797. She died leaving two daughters, but we have lost sight of them.
8th. John W. Mayrant was born at High Hills,
October 10, 1799. He moved to Mississippi and we have lost sight of him.
9th. Woodruff Mayrant was born at High Hills November 3, 1801 and died December 3, 1802.
10th. Emily Mayrant was born at High Hills October 10, 1803 and died March 22, 1806.
11th. Samuel Mayrant, attorney at law, was born on Sullivan’s Island August 13, 1806. His home was in Sumter, S.C., where he died about the year 1872. His nephew, who was his adopted son, Charles W. Mayrant, son of Charles and wife Caroline (Kinloch) Mayrant, inherited his estate but did not long survive him.
12th. Robert Pringle Mayrant married Frances A.M.H. Guignard, a first cousin, in 1831. He was born October 23, 1808. In 1828 he was appointed midshipman in the United States Navy by the president, John Quincy Adams. He served on the U.S.S. Guierrier and was a shipmate and personal friend of Mr. Farragut, who afterwards became an admiral. Mr. Mayrant resigned his commission in 1832.
Frances Guignard was a daughter of James Sanders and wife Caroline (Richardson) Guignard and was born January 5, 1815. Their home was on Senate Street, Columbia, S.C. Their children are as follows:
I. Ann Caroline Mayrant who never married.
She was born March 18, 1832 and died in 1887 .
II. James Sanders Guignard Mayrant married Emma Buford Richardson, a cousin, a daughter of Col. F.D. and wife Agnes (Fraser) Richardson. See Chapter VIII. James was born December 21, 1835. His home was on Senate Street, Columbia, S.C. He enlisted at the beginning of the war between the States and served in the Confederate Army until the surrender. He died about the year 1886 . His wife still resides in Columbia. Their children are as follows:
1. Frances deLesseline Mayrant married Alfred Wallace of Columbia, S.C. They have children: Alfred W., Emma W., and James Mayrant W.
Emma Wallace died in childhood.
2. Agnes Fraser Mayrant married Arthur Daniel Morgan, M.D.
III. Robert Pringle Mayrant, Jr. married Miss Lynch. He was born June 13, 1838. He served in the Confederate Army from the beginning of the Civil War to its close. He died a few years ago in his home in Columbia, S.C., leaving a large family [leaving 3 children].
IV. William Richardson Mayrant was born in 1840. He enlisted in the Confederate Army at the beginning of the Civil War and the brave, noble boy was killed in battle.
V. John Gabriel Mayrant was born in 1843. Though only eighteen years old, he en-
listed in the Confederate Army and was killed in battle.
VI. Frances Hayward [Heyward] Mayrant married Newman Kershaw Perry of Colleton County, S.C. He enlisted in the Confederate Army at the age of sixteen and served four years in a company from his county. He made his home in Columbia, S.C. where he died a few years ago leaving a large family. Mrs. Perry and family still reside in Columbia.
One of her noble boys, Ensign Newman Kershaw Perry recently lost his life on the ill-fated Bennington, aboard of which, on the Pacific coast, he had been serving since October, 1903. He was born in Columbia, November 26, 1880. In 1900 he graduated with honor from the United States Naval Academy. October 10, 1903, he married Marie Vipont Doane of Stockbridge, Mass., a daughter of William E, Doane. He was a bright promising young man. His death was a great shock to his family and his many friends.
VII. Laura Mayrant, youngest child of Robert Pringle and wife Frances Ann Margaret Horry (Guignard) Mayrant, was born in 1850 and died just when budding into young womanhood.
13th. Charlotte Mayrant, youngest child of Col. William and wife Ann (Richardson) Mayrant was born November 27, 1813, and died August 30, 1814.
The William Guignard Richardson Branch
of the Richardson Family
Second—William Guignard Richardson married (1) Harriet Eveleigh Feb. 26, 1798, the Rev. Gabriel Gerald officiating. He was the second child of Capt. William and wife Ann Magdalen (Guignard) Richardson and was born May 22, 1773. Harriet, his wife, was born Oct. 26, 1777. She became the mother of four children and died so young. In recording her death, we copy as recorded by her loving husband—“Harriet R., wife of W.G.R., died Feb. 25, 1804, in the 26th year of her age. Bow down thine head O man, and submit with reverence to the will of thy Maker.”
After living single a little over five years W.G. Richardson married (2) Emma Corbet Buford March 5, 1809, the Rev. Hugh Fraser officiating. Emma was the youngest child of William and wife Frances (June) Buford and was born Aug. 12, 1789. W.G.R. was a cultured scholar. He spent several years abroad and completed his education under the best masters of Europe. At one time he was state senator from his district. He inherited Bloom Hill, his ancestral home, and lived there many years.
He was an excellent shot, couldn’t be beaten, and he was fond of the sports of the field. His
broad acres with their heavily timbered forests and flowing streams afforded him ample hunting grounds to indulge in this pleasurable pastime whenever he wished to do so. He loved his home; but alas, the time came when he suffered great financial loss; brought about by his unlimited generosity and fidelity to friends. For a friend or friends he had stood security for a very large amount; the first party failed to meet the payment and the debt fell upon W.G.R. At that time the laws in South Carolina bearing upon such cases were far more stringent then are those of the present day. His home, slaves, and in fact all his possessions were sold at sheriff’s sale. It was indeed a sad day to that true and noble heart; but there was much alleviation when his younger brother, Judge John S. Richardson, bought in the ancestral home and “Bloom Hill” went not into the hands of strangers, but was the home of the latter so long as he lived. After this W.G.R. was elected sheriff of Sumter District. He then with his large family moved to the town of Sumter and lived there until after the death of his second wife, Emma, which occurred February 25, 1843. Then he moved to one of the sub-divisions of the Bloom Hill Plantation where he died September 8, 1849 in the 77th year of his age, and was laid to rest in the Bloom Hill family burial ground among his ancestors and between his two wives—Harriet on one side and Emma on the other. Each of the three graves is commemorated by a heavy marble slab, and the epitaphs are now legible.
Children of William G. and wife Harriet (Eveleigh) Richardson are as follows: Evelina Ann, William Eveleigh, Laura, and Harriet.
Children of William G. and wife Emma C. (Buford) Richardson as follows:Julian, Joseph Johnson, Elinor Frances, James Sanders Guignard, Elizabeth Ann, Hugh Fraser, Mary Caroline, Lydia Clegg Chovine, Susan Emma, Samuel Clegg Chovine, and John Manly:
1st. Evelina Ann Richardson married William Ballard, M.D. She was the first child of William Guignard and wife Harriet (Eveleigh) Richardson and was born May 14, 1799. Dr. Ballard’s home was at Providence, Sumter District, S.C. Their children were as follows: Harriet B. and Magdalen B.
2nd. William Eveleigh Richardson, attorney at law, married Sarah Ann Mayrant, a cousin, a daughter of Col. William and wife Sarah Hall Horry (Bay) Mayrant. W.E. was the first son of William Guignard and wife Harriet (Eveleigh) Richardson and was born October 14, 1800. Col. Richardson and family lived a Statesburg, South Carolina. He died April 8, 1888. Their children were as follows:
I. William Mayrant Richardson married Calista Aurelia Davis October 21, 1874, Bishop Norswortley officiating. He died early leaving one child child: Margaret Richardson.
II. Thomas Eveleigh Richardson, who lives in Sumter, S.C.
III. Margaret Richardson married Mr. Pinckney. They both died early leaving five or six children [left 4 children].
IV. Alister Richardson married Catherine Binel. They have children.
V. Mary Ellen Richardson married D.L. Alexander of Charleston, S.C. They have two sons.
3rd. Laura Richardson never married. She was born August 18, 1802. She was very intelligent, a devoted Christian and much beloved. Her home was in Sumter, South Carolina; but in her declining years she lived with her sister, Mrs. Ballad. After Mrs. Ballad’s death she moved to Columbia, S.C., where she died in 1885 and was buried at Bloom Hill.
4th. Harriet Richardson, youngest child of W.G. and wife Harriet (Eveleigh) Richardson was born February 15, 1804, died March 6, 1805.
5th. Julian Richardson was the fifth child of William Guignard Richardson, while he was the first child of his second wife, Emma Corbett (Buford) Richardson. He was born December 31, 1809 and died February 3, 1810.
6th. Joseph Johnson Richardson married (1)
Caroline Stark. He was the second child of William Guignard and (2) wife Emma Corbett (Buford) Richardson and was born May 6, 1811. His home was on Weetee Lake, S.C. Mrs. Richardson died in 1854. J.J. Richardson married (2) Miss Pipkin. After the close of the Civil War he moved from Weetee and resided near Camden, S.C. He died December 10, 1884. Children of Joseph Johnson and (1) wife Caroline (Stark) Richardson were as follows:
I. William Guignard Richardson married Mary Cooper. Their home is in Savannah, Ga. They have children as follows: Mary R., Guignard R., Allen R., Annie R., and Alice R.
II. Emma Richardson married Alexander Smith. Their home is in Richland County, S.C. Mr. Smith died about the year 1890. Children were born unto them as follows: Alexander S. who died young, Maynard S., Ernest S., and Emma Buford S.
III. Joseph Johnson Richardson married Charlotte Ne Smith. He died in 1892 leaving a family. [Joseph Johnston Richardson. Date of birth—April 8, 1845. Date of marriage to Charlotte Green Nesmith—February 8, 1888. Date of death—July 8, 1899]
IV. Buford Richardson married Maria Headleson. Their home is near Sutton Church in Williamsburg County, S.C. He died January 26, 1905, and was buried in the cemetery near Sutton Church. He left a wife and one child, a son.
V. Anna Robertson Richardson died at the home of her brother, Joseph, in the year 1892.
VI. Elizabeth Richardson died in infancy.
VII. Laura Ellen Richardson married John G. Bearden. Their home is in Milledgeville, Ga. Her mother died when she was an infant; she was then adopted by Rev. John Smythe and (2) wife Adrianna L.C. (McDonald) Richardson.
Children of Joseph Johnson Richardson and (2) wife Miss Pipkin, were as follows:
VIII. Martha Jane Richardson married Thomas Smith. She died leaving a large family.
IX. Andrianna Richardson died in childhood.
X. Mary Davis Richardson married Charles Montgomery. Their home is in Florida.
XI. Samuel Chovine Richardson.
XII. Kershaw Richardson.
XIII. Edward Richardson.
XIV. Frances Hayward Richardson died in childhood.
XV. Elizabeth Gordon [Garden] Richardson married Mr. Ne Smith.
XVI. John Smythe Richardson married Elizabeth Wedaman.
7th. Elinore Frances Richardson, third child of William Guignard and (2) wife Emma Corbett (Buford) Richardson, was born February 9, 1813 and died April 4, 1814.
8th. James Sanders Guignard Richardson, attorney at law, married Mary C. Wilder in Sumter, S.C., in the year 1840. Their home was in Sumter. James was born April 12, 1815. He was state reporter of South Carolina; and he attained great eminence as a lawyer, so much that when Chief Justice Moses died, he was offered the chief justiceship, but owing to his infirmity (rheumatism) he declined. Their children are as follows: Emma Buford, James Sanders Guignard, Eliza, and Samuel Mayrant. The two last died in early childhood.
I. Emma Buford Richardson married Franklin J. Moses, Jr., December 20, 1859, in Sumter, S.C. He was the only son of Chief Justice Franklin J. Moses. Emma was born July 30, 1841.Their home was in Sumter, S.C., until 1872 when her husband became governor of the state, then they resided in Columbia, S.C. They had four children as follows:
1. Franklin J. Moses, 3rd of the name, married Marie Raum, a daughter of Gen. Green B. Raum of Chicago, Ill. Franklin was born in 1860. He is an officer in the United States Navy.
2. Mary Richardson Moses married (3) Dr. H.D. Geddings of United States Marine Hospital Service. She was born September 12, 1862. [ “Mary Richardson Moses mar. (3) afterwards Dr. H.D. Geddings . . . Her first husband was Gen. W.M. Taft.”] Her second husband was Gen. William N. Taft, by whom
she had two children: Harriet Taft and William Nelson Taft.
3. Jane McLelland Moses married S. Chandler Baker, M.D., of Sumter, S.C. She was born January 20, 1867. Their home is in Sumter. They have two children: Emma Richardson B. and Furman B.
4. Emma Buford Moses married Charles H. Price. Their home is in Washington D.C. She was born November 21, 1872. They have one child, a daughter—Emma Buford Price, born December 14, 1893.
II. James Sanders Guignard Richardson, Jr., attorney at law, married (1) Julia Ashby Colclough. He served through the Civil War in the Confederate Army and came off unscathed at its close. No children survive of this marriage. His home was in Sumter, S.C. He married (2) Gertrude Dick, only child of Edward and wife Posthuma (Colclough) Dick. He died about the year 1880 leaving three children of his second marriage, two daughters and one son, James R.
9th. Elizabeth Ann Richardson married Alister Garden, attorney at law. Their home was in the town of Sumter where he became prominent as a lawyer. He was of distinguished ancestry, among whom were Chancellor De Saussure, and Chief Justice Gibbes of South Carolina. Elizabeth was the fifth child of Wil-
liam Guignard and (2) wife Emma Corbett (Buford) Richardson, and was born February 8, 1817. Mr. Garden died young, September 4, 1843, in his 33rd year, and was buried at Bloom Hill. Mrs. Garden died April 1, 1874 in Warrenton, Va., at the residence of her son, Hugh R. Garden. Four children were born unto them: Henry De Saussure, Hugh Richardson, Frances Emma, and Alister.
I. Henry De Saussure Garden never married. He died in Florence, S.C. in 1896.
II. Hugh Richardson Garden, attorney at law, married Lucy Robertson, a daughter of Hon. W. J. Robertson, formerly judge of the supreme court of appeals of Virginia. Hugh as born in Sumter, S.C., July 9, 1840; and he graduated with distinction from the South Carolina College in class 1860. In 1861 he joined the Confederate Army. At the capture of Fort Sumter he was a private in Richardson’s company from his native town of Sumter. At the first battle of Manassas he was color bearer of Kershaw’s regiment. The next year he was commander of the famous “Palmetto Battery,” perhaps better known as “Garden’s Battery.” Capt Garden was one of the fortunate ones who came out of the Civil War unscathed. He then took a course in the law school of the University of Virginia and commenced the practice of law with his great uncle, Hon. W.F. De Saussure in Columbia, S.C. A few years later he moved to Warren-
ton, Virginia, where he continued the practice of law in the state and federal courts. “The State,” that popular journal published in Columbia, S.C., of January 20, 1905, gives a sketch of Capt. Hugh R. Garden from which we copy the following: “Corporation law became his forte, and among other causes the matter of the Virginia Midland Railroad re-organization, introduced him to business and professional men of New York. A practice involving the organization, consolidation and legal management of important corporations finally determined him to move to New York in 1883. His introduction by the president of the supreme court of appeals of Virginia to the bar of New York, filed in the clerk’s office of the supreme court, recited that ‘Mr. Garden has for 15 years been a prominent and successful practitioner in the courts of Virginia, including the supreme court of appeals; and socially, morally, and professionally he is eminently entitled to the confidence of all men.’” This sketch continues, “The settlement of the Virginia state debt engrossed much of his time. This problem had for 25 years perplexed the ablest financiers and statesmen of this country and England, but at last, through the admirable work of a committee confidence was restored and a basis of settlement carried into effect. Leading journals commenting on the matter, said: ‘To the final result many distinguished men contri-
buted their influence and their ability, but this grand result has been mainly due to the patience, energy, skill, tact and great ability displayed in the management of the delicate and difficult negotiations by Hugh R. Garden of the New York bar.”
“The State” concludes this sketch thus: “Mr. Hugh R. Garden is in ability, character, cultivation and personality pre-eminently representative of a type of American manhood which originated in older times, was developed by constant contact with the world, and of which our country is justly proud.”
In politics Hugh R. Garden is a Democrat and deeply interested in Democratic principles. He is very handsome and has always been fond of social life. He is president of the New York Southern Society. The University of the South conferred upon him, August 6, 1892, the honorary degree of Doctor of Civil Laws.
III. Frances Emma Garden married Charles Manning Furman, son of Dr. Jas. C. Furman. Charles was a soldier in the Confederate Army Civil War. Frances was very beautiful, she was known throughout the state as the “beautiful Miss Garden.” They resided mostly in South Carolina, though after the close of the Civil War they moved to Kentucky, but in a few years moved back to South Carolina. Frances died early, leaving a family as follows:
1. Constance F. Furman who married Rev. W.I. Herbert, a prominent member of the South Carolina Conference.
2.. Harriet Elizabeth Furman who died in childhood.
3. Alister Garden Furman married Elinor Hoyt.
4. Annie Eloise Furman who married Rev. E.R. Pendleton.
5. Charles Manning Furman.
6. Hugh De Saussure Furman died in infancy.
IV. Alister Garden, youngest child of Col Alister and wife Elizabeth Ann (Richardson) Garden died in the Confederate service, Civil War.
10th. Hugh Fraser Richardson, M.D. was the sixth child of William Guignard and (2) wife Emma Corbett (Buford) Richardson and was born April 11, 1819. He was a talented young man, much admired and beloved. He had graduated in medicine and began the practice of his profession; apparently a life of usefulness lay before him. He was boarding in the home of a well-known cultured family, that of Willis Canty of Santee, when he contracted that much dreaded low-country fever which has carried off so many in the bloom of youth. Every attention was shown him by this family, his physician and others. His parents were sent for and came, but only to see him pass into
the great beyond. He died June 21, 1840, aged 21 years, 2 months, 16 days.
11th. Mary Caroline Richardson married William Mazych Davis of Sumter County, S.C. He was the eldest son of John Gamble and wife Martha (McDonald) Davis. Mary was the seventh child of William Guignard and wife Emma Corbett (Buford) Richardson and was born September 26, 1821. For some time they lived at his ancestral home, “The White House,” on Santee River in that portion of Sumter District which is now Clarendon County, S.C. In 1850 they moved to Houston County, Georgia. In a short time they established themselves in a beautiful home and called it “Mossy Hill.” He was very prosperous, and a noble and true man. He belonged to that class of planters to whom we are indebted for the Southern civilization, which antedates the war of Secession and its effects. He was a brave soldier in the Confederate Army and he had the misfortune to lose a leg while in the service. He died at Mossy Hill after a lingering illness, Jan. 6, 1870. Mrs. Davis survived her husband sixteen years and she died at the residence of her son, Col. Buford M. Davis, in Vineville Macon, Ga, September 5, 1886. Children were born unto William Mazych and wife Mary Caroline (Richardson) Davis as follows: John Gamble, William Richardson, Ella B., Buford McDonald, Edward Bertrand, Willielma Lodoiska, Henry
Colclough, Mimmie, Richard Manning, James Manly, Willis Canty, Mary Caroline Richardson, and Chovine Richardson.
I. John Gamble Davis married Clifford Rebecca Burnham. He was born February 27, 1842. Their home was in Perry, Ga. John died leaving three children.
1. A. Burnham Davis who married Laura Jones.
2. Clifford Davis.
3. Mary Celia Davis.
II. William Richardson Davis married Frances Virginia Law. He was born Aug. 30, 1844. Their home is in Houston County, Ga. One child was born unto them.
1. Minnie Davis who married Dr. J.O. Mann. Children of Dr. J.O. Mann and wife Minnie (Davis) Mann as follows:Mary Frances M., Minnie Mazel M., Hallie Chovine M., Augusta Davis M.
III. Ella B. Davis married John B. Holmes April 10, 1866. Ella was born August 2, 1846. Their home was in Dooly County, Ga. Ella Died August 30, 1882, leaving two children, Mary Hamilton H. and Buford Davis H.
IV. Buford McDonald Davis, attorney at law, married Rosa Stewart Brown November 19, 1876. He was born June 5, 1848. Their beautiful home is in Vineville, Macon, Ga.. Their plantation home is the aforementioned Mossy Hill.
Col. B.M. Davis is a distinguished jurist. For
years the law firm of Davis and Turner were well known throughout the middle section of Georgia. Mr. Turner’s death occurred about two years ago; since that time Col. Davis has formed a law co-partnership with Col. A.L. Miller. Their office address is Rooms 30 to 33, Exchange Bank Building, Macon, Georgia.
Col. Davis has prospered greatly and words fail me to tell how much he is beloved. He is modest, gentle, and true. Eight children have been born unto Col. Buford and wife Rosa Stewart (Brown) Davis as follows:
1. Lawson Davis, a lovely young woman with a cultured mind and a heart overflowing with love and sympathy, whose life was a benediction to all who knew her, departed this life March 29, 1903.
2. William Mazych Davis.
3. Rosalind Buford Davis.
4. Buford McDonald Davis died in childhood.
5. Bryan Brown Davis.
[6. Mary R. Davis.]
7. Jesse Walters Davis.
8. Edward deLesseline Davis.
V. Edward Bertrand Davis, fifth child of William Mazych and wife Mary Caroline (Richardson) Davis was born January 13, 1850 and died August 24, 1878.
VI. Willielma Lodoiska Davis married Jessie W. Walters, attorney at law, December 13, 1871. His home is in Albany, Georgia. She was born June 14, 1851, and died October
26, 1880. Their surviving children are as follows:
1. Jessie Walters married J.O. Wallace.
2. Hallie Walters married Russell deHow.
3. J. Hillsman Walters.
VII. Henry Colclough Davis was born February 12, 1853, and died August 30, 1874.
VIII. Minnie Davis married Jesse W. Walters, attorney at law. She was born September 7, 1850. Their home is in Albany, Georgia. They have children as follows: Jesse W., Willielma W., Chovine W., and Eugene W.
IX. Richard Manning Davis married Eva Kellcie. He was born June 10, 1858. They have children as follows: Edward Bertrand D., Mary D., Louise D., Minnie D., and Richard Manning D.
X. James Manly Davis was born November 11, 1859 and died March 6, 1860.
XI. Willis Canty Davis, attorney at law, married Callie Brunson. He was born December 11, 1863. Their home is in Dublin, Georgia. They have children as follows: Jennie D., May D., Willis Canty D., Lawton D., and others.
XII. Mary Caroline Richardson Davis married W.W. Pace. She was born May 1, 1866. Their home is in Albany, Georgia. They have three children as follows: W.W. Pace, Julia Pace, and Mary Pace.
XIII. Chovine Richardson Davis married Dollie Flinch. He is the youngest child of William Mazych and wife Mary Caroline (Richardson) Davis. Their home is in Albany, Georgia. They have one child, Chovine Richardson D.
12th. Lydia Clegg Buford Richardson married John Smythe Rich, M.D. He was a son of Charles Poinsett Richardson, who changed his name to Rich. Lydia was the eighth child of William Guignard and wife Emma Corbett (Buford) Richardson and was born November 12, 1824. Their home was in Clarendon County, South Carolina. See an account of their six children in Chapter VII of this record in connection with the record of Dr. John Smythe Rich.
13th. Susan Emma Richardson married James Henry Colclough April 30, 1848. He was a son of Col. John A. Colclough and first wife. Susan Emma was the ninth child of William Guignard and (2) wife Emma Corbett (Buford) Richardson and was born August 29, 1827. For many years their home was on the Santee River. After close of the Civil War “Bleakhouse,” near Bradford Springs in Sumter County, South Carolina became their home. Mrs Colclough died very suddenly Nov. 13, 1890, when on a visit to her brother Dr. Samuel Clegg Chovine Richardson, in Manning, S.C. Mr. Colclough died in 1899. They had
twelve children as follows: John Ashby, Julian Richardson, Charles Axam, James Henry, William Davis, Emma Buford, Alexander Guignard, Edward Bertrand, Samuel Mayrant, Leonie Davis, Chovine Richardson, and Benjamin Davis.
I. John Ashby Colclough married Susan R. Boyd. He was the first child of James Henry and wife Susan Emma (Richardson) Colclough, and was born May 17, 1849. Their home was near Manning, S.C. He died in 1899 leaving a family.
II. Julian Richardson Colclough was born December 7, 1850, and died April 30, 1867.
III. Charles Axam Colclough married Olive C. Harvard. He was born February 2, 1852. Their home is in Florida. They have one child, a daughter.
IV. James Henry Colclough was born February 15, 1855 and died June 6, 1859.
V. William Davis Colclough married Alice McLoud. William was born April 15, 1858. Their home was on Black Lake near Manning, South Carolina, but some years ago they had the misfortune to be burned out; and since then have resided near Bradford Springs in Sumter County, S.C. They have no children.
VI. Emma Buford Colclough married Wm. Burroughs [Burrows] Colclough, a half first cousin. He was the only child of Alexander Colclough and wife Miss Burroughs [Burrows]; Alexan-
der was a son of Col. John A. and (2) wife Eliza (McDonald) Colclough. Burroughs [Burrows]and Emma were married in St. Philips Church, Bradford Springs, S.C., January 14, 1904. Their home is near Bradford Springs.
VII. Alexander Guignard Colclough married Cora Cranford. He was born September 8, 1862.
VIII. Edward Bertrand Colclough married Margaret Shaw. He was born August 23, 1864.
IX. Samuel Mayrant Colclough married Caroline Dixon.
X. Leonie Davis Colclough married William Thomas Smith. She was born May 26, 1859. Their home is in Georgetown, S.C. They have one child. She (Leonie) is a twin sister to—
XI. Chovine Richardson Colclough who married Wm. Baker Bacon. Their home is in Southeast Georgia. They have children.
XII. Benjamin Davis Colclough married Miss Burgess. He is the youngest child of James Henry and wife Susan Emma (Richardson) Colclough and was born September 12, 1872.
14th. Samuel Clegg Chovine Richardson, M.D. never married. He was the tenth child of Wm. Guignard and second wife, Emma Corbett (Buford) Richardson and was born at one of the sub-divisions of the Bloom Hill Plantation,
May 5, 1829. He was graduated from the Medical College in Charleston, S.C., March 15, 1852.
His professional life was spent in Clarendon County where he had a large practice. He was a successful business man and was much beloved. He was a very handsome man and was said to be much like the portrait of his grandfather, Capt. Wm. Richardson. He was confirmed in the Episcopal Church July 13, 1889. Dr. Richardson died May 20, 1895 in his home in Manning, S.C., in his sixty-seventh year. His only surviving brother, Maj. John Manly Richardson was with him, also a number of nieces and nephews and many friends. He was buried in the cemetery in Manning, South Carolina. The following is the inscription on the handsome monument which marks his grave:
SAMUEL CLEGG CHOVINE RICHARDSON, M.D.
WILLIAM G. AND EMMA C. RICHARDSON
He Was Born on
The Bloom Hill Plantation,
Sumter County, S.C.
May 5, 1829
Was Graduated from the Medical College of South
Carolina March 15, 1852
The Protestant Episcopal Church
July 31, 1889
His Professional Life
Was Spent in Clarendon County, S.C.
He Died in Peace
At Manning, S.C.
May 20, 1895
Thy brother shall rise again—John 11, 23.
15th. John Manly Richardson married (1) Lavinia Eugenia King June 14, 1855 in Perry, Georgia. She was a daughter of Mr. John Ragan and (1) wife Ann A. (Felder) King, both of Clarendon County, S.C. Mrs. Richardson died in Daingerfield, Texas, May 31,1887, leaving a large family to mourn her loss. After living single six years and his children were grown and all married but one, Maj. J.M.R., married (2) Elizabeth Buford (Richardson) Gaddy, a cousin, widow of Dr. John T. Gaddy, the Rev. John Kershaw officiating. The nuptials were celebrated November 8, 1893, at Shady Side, near the town of Sumter, the home of her eldest brother, Hon. John S. Richardson. She is a daughter of Rev. John S. and (1) wife Sophia (Hyatt) Richardson.
John Manly was the youngest child of William Guignard and (2) wife Emma Corbett (Buford) Richardson and was born on Sunday, March 13, 1831, at one of the sub-divisions of the Bloom Hill Plantation in Sumter District, S.C. He was a beautiful child with a fine complexion, dark expressive eyes, his well shaped head crowned with a wealth of long, fair, massive curls, to which it seemed desecration to apply the shears, even though he pleaded—“curls are not for boys.”
In 1850-52 he pursued his studies in Charleston, S.C., at the Military Academy in which last year he was appointed assistant professor of mathematics. From Charleston he went to
the University of Virginia where he won distinction in mathematics, chemistry, and philosophy.
From Virginia he went to Cambridge, Mass. While there he was appointed assistant teacher of mathematics in the engineering department of Lawrence Scientific School. He graduated from Harvard University taking the degree B.S. in July, 1854.
After graduating he went to Georgia to engage in civil engineering and he did so to some extent, but finding little work in that field he began teaching in Perry, Georgia. From Perry he moved to Bowden, Ga,, where being associated with Rev. C.A. McDaniel, together they founded the Bowden Collegiate Institute in 1856. Some years later, we think it was in Sept., 1860, he accepted the position of professor of mathematics in the Hillsboro, North Carolina Military Academy, founded and superintended by Col. C.C. Tew. Prof. Richardson resigned this position in June, 1861, to enter the Confederate Army. July 3, 1861 he was commissioned major of the 11th North Carolina Volunteers, Army of Northern Virginia, which regiment later became the 21st North Carolina Infantry. This regiment went right into active service, and was in the first battle of Manassas. Soon after this battle Major Richardson was stricken down by a severe attack of rheumatism, on account of which he was furloughed September 10th.
He reported for duty November 24, but re-
ceived medical advice to leave service until restored. After much suffering he resigned his commission Jan. 1862.
Major Richardson then accepted the superintendency and chair of mathematics in the Military Institute, Marietta, Georgia. There his health was re-established and in the fall of 1863 he resigned this position, and declining a professorship in the University of Alabama, accepted (Nov. 2, 1863) an appointment as officer on the general staff of the Confederate States Army. He reported at Kingston, N.C., to Hoke’s Brigade, Earley’s Division.
From this time he ran many a hair-breadth escape, rendering to the cause much valiant service; and come off unscathed, until September 9, 1864, in the battle near Winchester, Virginia, he was so severely wounded as to necessitate the amputation of his left leg; it was taken off about six inches below the knee. He was then carried to Staunton, Va., and there he remained until he was able to start on his homeward journey. He reached his home in Perry, Ga., Dec. 24, 1864. To his regret Major Richardson could now no longer serve his country as a soldier; so in 1865 and 1866 he took charge of the school in Perry, and in 1867 he was in charge of the school in Fort Valley, Ga. In 1868 and 1869 he was again in charge of Bowden College.
In 1870 he took charge of the Carrollton Masonic Institute and was there until the close
of 1876, when he accepted the presidency of the college in Sulphur Springs, Texas. His family was then quite large, but the very liberal offer he received from the trustees of this college justified him in making the move. He filled this position three years, but his health was not good while there, he suffered much from rheumatism. He derived some relief from visiting the Hot Springs in Arkansas, yet, his health was not restored. In 1880 he accepted the presidency of the college in Leesburg, Tex., and in 1886 he took charge of the institute in Daingerfield, Tex., which position he was soon compelled to resign on account of failing health.
During the Civil War he published two military works. At one time while recovering from a spell of rheumatism he took up the study of law, more for diversion than for business, and was admitted to the bar.
He was a classic writer of strong and forcible style, and his writings for the periodical press embraced a variety of subjects—legal, social, political, scientific, and literary. Some of his poems are veritable gems; and the same may be said of his private letters.
In political circles Major Richardson was a zealous Democrat of the old school; and he was a liberal, public spirited citizen, a true man and a faithful friend. He was polished, modest, and gentle, yet brave, gallant, and chivalrous, beloved and admired by all who knew him. One writes of him thus: “His was a pure,
noble spirit, a fitting exponent of what a long line of pure noble ancestry can produce.” Col. John P. Thomas in his “History of the South Carolina Military Academy” introduces him as “a brave soldier as well as a scholar crowned with bays.” There lies before us now a Texas paper of 1893 containing an article from which we copy a few lines as follows: If we were to select from the American people a true example of Gladstone, the name of John M. Richardson would be the first to enter our minds.” He was temperate, very temperate, never wishing anything to come on his table flavored with wine; and he never used tobacco in any form.
He was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church South forty years, and his Christian character was beautiful; benevolence, purity of heart and life beamed from his countenance, and his big heart was ever ready to relieve the afflicted and needy. But it was in his own home, around his own fire-side where these beautiful traits were most forcibly felt, loved and admired. Truly a great, noble, and good man has passed on to his reward. His beautiful words when nearing the end—“All is fair to enter the Heavenly Port”—we cherish as an echo from the distant shore to which he has gone. The end came 9:30 p.m., February 4, 1898, in his home in Daingerfield, Tex. His wife Elizabeth and five of his children were with him. He was laid to rest by the side of his first wife in the cemetery of this town.
Children of Major John Manly and (1) wife Lavinia Eugenia (King) Richardson were as follows: Emma Buford, Carrie Louisa, Anna Elizabeth, Brisbane King, William Chovine, John Manly, Gabriella Guignard, Mary Laura, Hugh Davis, Alister Clegg, and Lavinia Eugenia.
I. Emma Buford Richardson married Felix C. Meadows, December 23, 1879. She was born March 28, 1856. Their home was in Caddo, Indian Territory, until after the death of Mr. Meadows which occurred in 1893, then Mrs. Meadows with her family of seven children moved to Carrollton, Georgia, and since that time she has filled a teacher’s place in the Carrollton Masonic Institute. Their children are as follows: Manly Richardson M., Clara Eugenia M., Eugenia Richardson M., Marion Clegg M., Hugh Buford M., Emma Louise M., Julius Olney M.
II. Carrie Louisa Richardson married Leroy Clifton Mandeville in 1876. She was born April 3, 1857. Their beautiful home is in Carrollton, Georgia. Their children are as follows: Mary Eugenia M., Nellie Louise M., John Appleton M., Leroy Clifton M., Emma Camilla M.
III. Anna Elizabeth Richardson was born October 19, 1958, and died in infancy.
IV. Brisbane King Richardson married Emma Davis February 27, 1890. He was born June 6, 1860. Their home is in Breckenridge, Texas. He engages in stock farming
and is sheriff of his county. They have children: Emma Eugenia R., and ——
V. William Chovine Richardson was born February 16, 1867, died in childhood.
VI. John Manly Richardson was born November 8, 1864, died in childhood.
VII. Gabriella Guignard Richardson married Rev. Andrew Ellis Butterfield, November 3, 1892. She was born August 31, 1869. Their home is in Anadarco, Oklahoma. He is a Methodist minister and is a missionary to the Indians. They have children as follows: Annie B., Mary Eugenia B., (who died in early childhood), Stella B., Ruth B., Louise B., and Helen B.
VIII. Mary Laura Richardson married James E. Patton, November 12, 1890. She was born May 12, 1870. Their home is in Itasca, Texas. Their children are a follows: Mary Eugenia P., Pauline P., Camillia P., John P.
IX. Hugh Davis Richardson was born September 27, 1871, died in childhood.
X. Alister Clegg Richardson married Mary Josephine Ragland February 27, 1896. He was born January 23, 1873. Their beautiful home is in Daingerfield, Texas. He has been doing business in the Bank of Daingerfield since 1894. They have children as follows: Mary Eugenia R., and John Manly R.
XI. Lavinia Eugenia Richardson married Joseph Richard Huff March 15, 1891. She
is the youngest child of Major John Manly and wife Lavinia Eugenia (King) Richardson, and was born July 10, 1874. Their children are as follows: Richard Chovine H., Mary Elizabeth H., Buford deLesseline H., John Manly H., Leroy Clegg H., Harry H., and Eugenia H. Of these John Manly, Leroy Clegg, and Eugenia died in infancy.
The Charles Rich Branch of the Richardson Family
Third—Charles Poinsett Richardson married Elizabeth Lynum. He was the third child of Captain William and wife Ann Magdalen (Guignard) Richardson. He changed his name to Rich. Their home was in Williamsburg District, S.C. Children were born onto them as follows: Charles Augustus, Napoleon Gustavus, John Smythe, Caroline, and Mary Marcia.
1st. Charles Augustus Rich married Video Ann Jennings. Their home was in Sumter District, S.C. Charles died early, at the age of 23 years, just three days before the birth of his only child, a son, who has his full name—Charles Augustus.
I. Charles Augustus Rich, Jr., married Mary Charlotte Brumby on the 24th of December, 1849. She is a first cousin of the well-known Lieutenant Brumby of Georgia. Their home is in Clarendon County, South Carolina. More than half a century has elapsed since they were united in the bonds of matrimony, and they are still spared, and are a joy and comfort to each other. Their children are as follows:
1. Ann Elizabeth Rich married Joseph E. Touchberry.
2. Mary Sumter Rich married Noah Graham Broadway.
3. Henrietta Buford Rich married William Touchberry.
4. Video Harreltine Rich married Henry Broadway
5. Frances Emily Rich married Riley Bradham.
6. Margaret Ann Rich married John Touchberry.
7. Charles James Rich lives with his parents.
8. Joseph Augustus Rich married Eunice Beatran.
9. Epsy Ann Rich married Grier Frierson.
10. Charlotte Judson Rich married Joseph Singleton.
11. Thomas Brumby Rich, youngest child of Charles Augustus and wife Mary Charlotte (Brumby) Rich, lives with his parents. Nearly all of the above have large families.
2nd. Napoleon Gustavus Rich married Magdalen Singleton. He was the second child of Charles Poinsett and wife Elizabeth (Lynum) Rich. They lived in Kingstree, Williamsburg District, S.C. Magdalen died soon after her marriage, and Gustavus never married again.
3rd. John Smythe Rich, M.D., married Lydia Clegg Buford Richardson, a first cousin, a daughter of William Guignard and wife Emma Corbett (Buford) Richardson. Dr. Rich was the third child of Charles Poinsett and wife Elizabeth (Lynum) Rich. Their home was in Clarendon County, S.C. They had six children as follows:
I. Egeria Rich married Needham T. Pittman. She died young leaving two children:
1. Elizabeth Pittman who married G.M. Beasley and lives in Augusta, Ga.
2. Robert Pittman who is also married.
II. Emma Buford Rich married W. Pittman who was a brother of Needham T. Pittman. W. Pittman died early leaving one child, Troy Pittman, who died before attaining maturity.
Emma Buford (Rich) Pittman married (2) Needham T. Pittman, her brother-in-law. No children of this marriage. Needham T. Pittman died in 1899.
Mrs. Pittman, who is a great granddaughter of William and wife Frances (June) Buford, owns the old Buford Plantation on which is the famous Buford Spring.
The Pittmans lived near and in Gourdin, Williamsburg County, S.C., and owned much land in that section.
III. William Davis Rich, M.D., married Alice McIntosh.
IV. William Guignard Rich.
V. Samuel Davis Rich died early.
VI. Charles Poinsett Rich, youngest child of Dr. John Smythe and wife Lydia C.B. (Richardson) Rich, died early.
4th. Caroline Rich married James L. Jones. Their home was in Clarendon County, S.C. Caroline was the fourth child of Charles Poinsett and wife Elizabeth (Lynum) Rich. Their five children are as follow: Charles Rich J., Susan J., Haltum J., Mary J., Eliza J.
5th. Mary Marcia Rich was the youngest child of Charles Poinsett and wife Elizabeth (Lynum) Rich. She never married.
The John Smythe Richardson Branch of
the Richardson Family
Fourth—John Smythe Richardson, attorney at law, married Elizabeth Lucretia (Buford) Couturier in 1802. She was the widow of Thomas Couturier, and the eldest child of William and wife Frances (June) Buford. See more of Mr. and Mrs. Couturier in Chapter III. of this record.
John Smythe was the fourth child of Capt. William and wife Ann Magdalen (Guignard) Richardson, and was born April 11, 1777.
He was educated in Charleston, S.C., and studied law under the preceptorship of Col. John J. Pringle and was admitted to the bar in 1799. He practiced law in Charleston several years; then with his young family he moved to Statesburg, Claremont County, Sumter District, S.C. A few years after this he was elected to represent Claremont County in the State Legislature; and he was serving as speaker of the house in 1810 when he was elected attorney general of the state.
December 1818 he was elected a law judge; he then resigned the attorney generalship which position he had filled eight years. In 1820 Judge Richardson declined the nomination of the Republican Party for representative in congress. He was president judge of the court of appeals
of South Carolina 1841-1846, and of the court of errors 1846-1850, succeeding David Johnson.
When we knew him he was a grand old gentleman: he possessed all those fine qualities which call forth love and command respect. With him his wife was always first; while she with the entire family looked up to him as their ideal of a perfect man. His colored people, of whom he was very considerate, never ceased to call him blessed. He built them a church and named it for his wife—“Elizabeth’s Chapel,” and he engaged a minister to preach to them, that his colored people might have Bible instruction and Christian privileges.
The last thirty years of his life his judicial duties took him much from the comforts and luxuries of his happy home. There were few railroads in those days; private conveyance was the mode of travel. We can see him now, as in the long ago, seated in his comfortable carriage, drawn by strong, swift horses, the lines in the hands of an expert driver, who was also his faithful valet; and thus year after year he traveled all over the state from one court to another.
He died the senior presiding judge of the state. Judge Richardson’s death occurred in Charleston, S.C., May 8, 1850.That morning at the meeting of the court the attorney general announced his death, and moved (sic) an adjournment until 11 o’clock the following day to afford the bar and community an opportunity of testifying their respect to his memory.
In reply Judge O’Neil said:
“It is unfortunate-
ly true. Judge Richardson this morning, at about half past four, closed his useful life and entered upon his everlasting rest.
Judge Richardson is well known here; he was educated at your college; studied law here, and lived many years among you. He has filled the highest offices with honor and success. He has been a member of your legislature, speaker of your house of representatives, attorney general and finally a judge. This last office he has held since 1818. My knowledge of him has been long and intimate, and I am prepared to bear my testimony to his great judicial worth. Few men had a higher sense of duty; he is now gathered to his fathers, from persisting too long in the discharge of his duty. He possessed firmness, courage, and endurance more than most men. I have been associated with him in many trials; never have I seen him falter! As an advocate he possessed unrivaled talents. As a judge, his opinions, forming a considerable portion of our reported cases, will speak for him. But I may say, that in the consultation room, where a judge is more tried than anywhere else, I have often admired his acumen and readiness to start difficulties which it required the strongest to meet and remove. But he is no more! We have no right to grieve. In his seventy-fourth year he has been called from us. He died in the full triumph of a Christian faith, and we are justified in believing that he is in the place of gloriest rest prepared for him. He has died full of years and full of glory, and we can only say, ‘it is God’s
Judge O’Neil then most willingly granted the motion, and ordered the court to be adjourned till 11 o’clock the next day. Judge Richardson’s remains were taken to his home, Bloom Hill, in Sumter District, S.C., and he was laid to rest among his ancestors. He had come into possession of this home about the year 1818, at which time he moved from Statesburg to this, the ancestral home of the Richardsons, and Bloom Hill continued to be his home so long as he lived.
His widow died in 1859 and was laid to rest by his side. Children were born unto Judge John Smythe and wife, Elizabeth Lucretia (Buford) Richardson, as follows: Thomas Conturier, John Smythe, Elizabeth Frances, Susan William Ann, David Evans, Maynard Davis, Eleanor Lucretia, William Buford, Langdon Cheves, and Francis deLesseline.
1st. Thomas Couturier Richardson was the first child of Judge John Smythe and wife Elizabeth Lucretia (Buford) Richardson, and was born May 23, 1803, died October 8, 1808.
2nd. John Smythe Richardson, Attorney-at-Law, married Sophia Hyatt April 9, 1827, in Providence, R.I. Sophia was born March 27, 1804. She was the daughter of Sea Captain Charles Hyatt, whose family resided in Providence, R.I. Col. John Smythe Richardson was the second child of Judge John Smythe and wife Elizabeth Lucretia (Buford) Rich-
ardson, and was born August 31, 1805.
He entered the South Carolina College, Columbia, and was in the Junior Class of 1822. After this he attended Brown University, Providence, R.I., and he graduated from the last named institution in 1827. His home was near the town of Sumter, S.C. He engaged in law, and also by employing agents, engaged in agriculture, of which he was very fond. His was a beautiful little farm of eight hundred acres, well timbered, well watered, and well cultivated. The fish pond on the farm was a joy; the fish so gentle they would come for the crumbs which would be dropped for them into the clear water; it would seem that they would almost take them from the hand. Col. Richardson wrote for the periodical press; his subject was nearly always agriculture and his signature was “Greenswamp Planter.”
It was only a few days after graduating from Brown University that John Smythe Richardson married Sophia Hyatt. She was delicate, but the change from the northern clime to this southern home agreed well with her; she took on flesh which made her even more beautiful. She was intelligent, cultured, and well read, and she kept up with the leading topics of her day. Although it was more than twenty-five years before the war between the sections culminated, yet at that remote period she was quick to discern the unfairness dealt
by northern politicians to her adopted southland, whose cause she heartily endorsed. Could she then have looked through the vista of time she would have seen her own four noble boys, grown to warrior men, in battle array against the northern foe. But she was brave as well as true and just, and had she been with us in the hour of offended rights, her kiss of good-bye to her soldier boys would have been accompanied by the buckling on of their armor.
When twelve sunny years in her southern home had passed, and she had been the mother of eight children (five were living), a bronchial cough developed. Cuba was highly recommended as a health resort for such troubles. She was taken there in the winter of 1839-40. For awhile she seemed to improve, but suddenly grew worse and died on March 14, 1840. An effort was made to bring her remains home, but it became necessary to bury them at sea. She had been reared in the Episcopal Church, so the Episcopal service for the “Burial of the dead at sea” was used, and thus she was buried in the silent hour of night. Why in the night? Her first born was on that vessel. His young heart must not be further lacerated. The casket was taken from the box in which it was enclosed, the box again closed and left in place. Hearts were touched when at times on the following day, as hitherto, and so on
to the close of the voyage, that dear boy, sad and lonely, was seen sitting by that empty box.
Col. Richardson married (2) Adrianna L.C. McDonald of Sumter County, S.C. There were no children of this marriage, but they adopted a child—Laura Ellen, child of Joseph Johnson and wife Caroline (Stark) Richardson. Caroline having died when her baby was a few months old.
About the year 1843 Col. Richardson became a minister in the Methodist Episcopal Church, but he was never a member of their conference, and he never preached for money. He was a beautiful speaker, gentle and eloquent, touching the hearts of his hearers. After the close of the Civil War, Rev. John Smythe Richardson and wife Adrianna, with their adopted daughter, moved to Georgia. He died in Crawford County, Ga., May 26, 1871, in his 66th year. His remains were taken back to Sumter, S.C., and laid to rest in the Sumter Cemetery. His widow, Adrianna, died January, 1878, and lies buried by his side. Children of Rev. John Smythe and wife Sophia (Hyatt) Richardson are as follows: John Smythe, Charles Hyatt, Anna Elizabeth, Maynard Davis, Mary Sophia, William Buford, Elizabeth Buford, and Samuel Mayrant.
I. John Smythe Richardson, Attorney-at-Law, married Agnes Davison McDowell, De-
cember 11, 1850, the Rev. Donald McQueen officiating. The nuptials were celebrated near Sumter at the home of her mother, Mrs. Catherine (McCrey) McDowell, widow of Davison McDowell, a rice planter of Georgetown District. After the death of Mr. McDowell his family made their home near the town of Sumter. Agnes was their first child.
John Smythe was the first child of Rev. John Smythe and wife Sophia (Hyatt) Richardson, and was born at Bloom Hill, the ancestral home of the Richardsons, February 29, 1828. He was prepared for college classes by Ripley P. Adams. He then entered the famous Cokesbury School, Abbeville, S.C., which was at that time under the superintendency of Mathew J. Williams.
After graduating from this institute, taking first honor, he entered the South Carolina College in the fall of 1847. He was graduated from the last named college, taking one of the appointments of his class and degree A.B, in class of 1850.
He studied law under the preceptorship of James S.G. Richardson and Samuel Mayrant, who were at that time law partners in the town of Sumter. He was admitted to the bar in 1852, and at once entered upon the practice of law in the town of Sumter.
He practiced law alone for several years and during that time he edited the “Sumter Banner” and filled the office of magistrate. These positions he filled until 1855, when the “Sum-
ter Banner” and “Black River Watchman” were consolidated in one paper, the “Sumter Watchman.” He continued to be one of the editors of the “Sumter Watchman” for a short time, but owing to his rapidly increasing practice at the bar he retired from the editorial staff and sold out his interest in the paper.
In 1855 he formed a law co-partnership with Col. James D. Blanding and continued in this co-partnership until 1876 when he went into politics. In 1861 he enlisted in the Confederate Army and was elected captain of the Sumter Volunteers—the first company that left Sumter to go to the war, and it was the first volunteer company that offered its services to the State.
Capt. Richardson went with his company to Charleston and thence to Morris Island where he was at the bombardment and fall of Fort Sumter. After the fall of Fort Sumter he and his company (“D”) went with Colonel (afterwards General) Kershaw as part of the Second South Carolina Regiment.
At the first battle of Manassas Capt. Richardson was wounded in the leg; it was a flesh wound from which he recovered in the course of several months.
At the re-organization in 1862 he was transferred to the artillery service and became adjutant of the Twenty-third South Carolina Regiment. He continued in active service until the close of the war, and was with Gen. Joe
Johnston at Greensboro, N.C., at the time of the surrender.
When he was returning home after the surrender with a single com-panion, on passing through Robeson County, N.C., he was robbed of his clothes, mule, watch, and all he had, and threatened with death by the outlaws who then infested that region.
After the war Capt. Richardson resumed the practice of law in Sumter, S.C., and by employing agents, engaged in planting and was very successful in business.
In 1866 he was elected to the legislature and served until re-construction, when the Republicans got control of the state government. While a member of the legislature he was appointed, by Governor Orr, agent of the state, to apply for and receive the land-script donated by congress. As such agent he went to Washington to attend to this business, but the re-construction measures being then under consideration, congress refused to allow the script to be issued. Congress afterward issued the script to the radical government in South Carolina,and they made way with all of it..
Capt. Richardson was leader in organizing the Grange movement in his section of the state for he was a planter as well as a lawyer. He also took an active and prominent part in the State Agricultural Society of which he was a life member.
His fellow citizens sent him as their dele-
gate to the historic and ever memorable Democratic Convention of 1876, and the convention, without any solicitation on his part, unanimously nominated him for congress from the First District. The same year he took an active part in the great campaign which resulted in the restoration of Democratic government in South Carolina.
He was elected to congress by a large majority, but the radicals who were then in power contested his election. Capt. Richardson contested for his seat in congress at a great sacrifice of time and money, and although the committee on elections reported in his favor, the House of Representatives never took action on the case. Thus by chicanery and injustice they kept him out of his seat during that term.
In 1878 he was again the Democratic nominee for congress and again elected by a large majority. The same result in 1880, so that he served two full terms. He did not stand for reelection in 1882 because in that year the congressional districts of South Carolina were reorganized and Sumter County was thrown into what is called the black district, as all thought at that time, made this district hopelessly Republican. Being thus deprived of his district, the Independents and Republicans requested him to run as their candidate for congress, but he declined, saying that he had received all the honors he ever had from the
Democratic party and had fought for and with that party all his life, and he could never do aught against his life-long friends and allies.
In 1884 Capt. Richardson was appointed master in equity for Sumter County, and he held this office until 1893, just one year before his death. Its duties he performed acceptably to all concerned.
November 14, 1885, “The Sumter Advance” published a sketch of Capt. John S. Richardson, to which sketch we are indebted for some of the particulars of facts already brought forward, and from which we copy a few short paragraphs, as follows:
“Capt. Richardson as a lawyer was widely known as an able advocate, a powerful and effective speaker, oftentimes making the courthouse ring with his oratory. The firm of Blanding & Richardson was one of the most noted law firms in this section of the state, and did a very large and lucrative practice. * * * We can say of Capt. Richardson that he has always been a patriot and one of the truest men of whom the state can boast, and there is no man who has done harder service for his country and State, never halting or hesitating to do the full measure of his duty as a citizen on account of the expense of time, money, or energy.
“ * * * He was one of those who, with Hampton, made that memorable fight
against the corrupt radical horde for the restoration of honest government and Democratic supremacy in South Carolina. The state is greatly indebted to Capt. Richardson for the aid rendered in that campaign. No one took a more active part and made greater sacrifices in that struggle than he. He left his business and gave himself, his time, and his money to the cause. His eloquence on the stump aroused the people to action. * * * He is a true Democrat, and a patriot, and his political record is straight. * * * The people of Sumter County can point with pride to the life-long record of Honorable John S. Richardson.”
For many years Capt. Richardson's home was in the town of Sumter, S.C., where he established himself in 1853. The latter part of his life he lived on his plantation at “Shady Side,” his well known, beautiful, hospitable home, two and a half miles from the town of Sumter. To know him was to love him; his face expressed his warm heart and generous nature; and he was a very handsome man of a distinguished personal appearance.
The old loved him, and the young people in his community not only loved him, but felt that he was their friend and sympathizer, and never hesitated to approach him, for they knew that they would meet an affectionate and hearty response.
He was true in all the relations of life; a staunch friend, a kind, loving brother, an affectionate son, and a devoted husband and father. Between him and his large number of grand-children existed the strongest and most affectionate attachment.
The legal fraternity, with which he was so long associated with, did not wait to strew flowers on his grave, but let him know in his declining years that his presence was to them an inspiration. As expressed by another, “they regarded him as a distinguished ornament.”
His beloved wife preceded him to the grave one year and a day; she died February 23, 1893, and he died February 24, 1894, in his 66th year. When her death occurred, life largely lost its brightness for him, but while his own heart was sorrowing he would still give to others the accustomed words of cheer.
He and his wife are laid to rest in the Sumter Cemetery. They were both good Christian members of the Presbyterian Church. They had four children as follows: John Smythe R., Davison McDowell R., Katherine McDowell R., and James McDowell R.
1. John Smythe Richardson married Mary Baker, November 11, 1879. He was born September 11, 1851. Their home is in Sumter, S.C. They also have a summer home near Saluda, N.C., where John Smythe Richardson conducts a farm. Their nine children are as follows: Agnes Da-
vison R., Mary Margaret R., Katherine McDowell R., Hester DuBose R. (she is now Mrs. La Bruce), John Smythe R., Sophia Elizabeth R., James McDowell R., Laura R., and Charles Mayrant R.
2. Davison McDowell Richardson married (1) Lena Cords [Cordes] of Charleston, S.C. Davison is the second child of Capt. John Smythe and wife Agnes Davison McDowell Richardson) and was born March 5, 1853. They resided at Shady Side, near Sumter, and Davison engaged in farming. Lena became the mother of four children, then died.
D.M. Richardson married (2) Jennie Simons of Charleston, a cousin of the Mayrant branch of the Richardson family. D.M. Richardson and family now reside in Columbia, S.C. Children of D.M. and (1) wife Lena (Cords) [(Cordes)] Richardson as follows: John Smythe R., Emma Boylston R., Lena R., and Davison McDowell R.; of these Emma Boylston alone survives. Children of D.M. And wife (2) Jeannie (Simons) Richardson as follows: Davison McDowell R., Jeannie Simmons R., and Bentham Simons R.
3. Katherine McDowell Richardson married D'Arcy Paul Duncan. She is the only daughter of Capt. John Smythe and wife Agnes Davison (McDowell) Richardson, and was born February 16, 1855. They reside in Columbia, S.C.
Their five children are as follows: John Richardson D., who departed this life in his twenty-first year; Katherine Richardson D., Belle D., D'Arcy Pauline D., and James Armstrong D.4. James McDowell Richardson, youngest child of Capt. John Smythe and wife Agnes Davison (McDowell) Richardson, died in infancy.
II. Charles Hyatt Richardson, M.D., married Margaret Elizabeth Nettles, October 24, 1854, a daughter of John and wife Elizabeth Blount (Miller) Nettles, and a granddaughter of Col. John B. and wife Mary E. (Blount) Miller, all of Sumter District, South Carolina.
Charles was the second son of Rev. John Smythe and wife Sophia (Hyatt) Richardson, and was born January 13, 1830. After completing his literary education at Cokesbury, S.C., he entered the Medical College in Charleston, S.C., and graduated M.D. From this college March 15, 1852. He began the practice of medicine in the Privateer neighborhood. Sumter County, S.C., only a few miles from his parents home. There he happily married the lady of his choice. In 1858 he moved with his young family to Fort Valley, Ga., where he did a large practice in medicine, and also engaged in farming.
In 1861 he entered the Confederate Army
as first Surgeon of the Sixth Georgia (Colquitt's) Regiment. After the reorganization in 1862 he returned to the army as captain of the Fort Valley Infantry under Gen. Kerby Smith in the Tennessee Army, and thus served until the close of the war. The war over, he returned to his home and lived on his plantation in Houston County till '67 when he moved to Byron, Ga., and there established his beautiful home. As a citizen he was liberal souled and public spirited, and did much to further the interests of his entire community. His generous, unselfish nature drew around him many friends. The poor loved him and knew where to go for help and sympathy so long as he lived.
He represented Houston County in the Georgia legislature in 1872-73. His was a busy life; he had a large medical practice, for he stood high in his profession, loved it and kept up with its progress. Through agents he carried on a large farming interest, also a mercantile business. He was very successful and prosperous, and a good collector, while he never sued a man.
He was interested in the progress and prosperity of the churches in his community and was a willing helper in their finances. His benevolent heart, his cheerful, happy, genial disposition made those happy with whom he came in contact; and all knew him to be true.
He was a kind, loving husband, and an in-
dulgent father; indeed, he satisfied the hearts of his friends, parents, brothers, sister, wife and children.
He died of pneumonia in his home in Byron, Houston County, Georgia, November 16, 1886, and there his remains were buried. His widow still resides in that home and lives to bless her two surviving sons and her many grand-children. Four children were born unto them as follows: Elizabeth Miller R., Anna Sophia R., Chovine Clegg R., Charles Hyatt R.
1. Elizabeth Miller Richardson married Alford Columbus Warren, M.D. Their home was in Byron, Ga. Dr. Warren practiced medicine successfully in that community. Elizabeth was the first child of Dr. Charles Hyatt and wife Margaret Elizabeth (Nettles) Richardson and was born August 2, 1855. Dr. Warren died in 1889, and Elizabeth died in 1891.
Their eight children are as follows:
a. Maggie Mae Warren who is now Mrs. John Fletcher Lowe.
b. William Eli Warren who died in infancy.
c. Charles Richardson Warren who died in infancy.
d. Moultrie Alford Warren, M.D., like his father, is now a successful practitioner in the same community.
e. Julian Blount Warren died in infancy.
f. Harriet Nettles Warren.
g. Ruth Richardson Warren.
h. Elizabeth Buford Warren.
Since the death of their parents the Warren children have lived with their much beloved and devoted grand-mother, Mrs. Margaret Elizabeth Richardson.
2. Anna Sophia Richardson, the second child of Dr. Charles Hyatt and wife Margaret Elizabeth (Nettles) Richardson was born in Sumter County, S.C., October 11, 1856, and died in Fort Valley, Ga., in 1858.
3. Chovine Clegg Richardson, Attorney-at-Law, married Alice Culpepper. She is a daughter of the late Major Culpeper of Houston County, Georgia.
Chovine was born November 16, 1857. [In] 1879 he completed the Junior class at Mercer College, Macon, Georgia. He then entered the University of Georgia and graduated from this University in 1880, taking two degrees—A.B. And B.Ph.
Their home is in Byron, Houston County, Ga. Since 1900 he has been representing his county in the Georgia legislature. They have five children, as follows: Katherine Guignard R., Margaret Elizabeth R., Susan Furman R., Chovine Clegg R., Alice Marion R.
4. Charles Hyatt Richardson, M.D., married Alice Cullen of Macon, Georgia. He is the youngest child of Dr. Charles Hyatt and wife Margaret Elizabeth (Nettles) Richardson, and was born March 3,
1859. He graduated from Mercer College, Macon, Ga., in 1878, taking degrees A.B., and afterwards graduated M.D. From College of Physicians and Surgeons, Baltimore, Md. Their home is in Montezuma, Ga. He is a successful practitioner. They have three children as follows: Charles Hyatt R., Caroline Cullen R., and Cullen R.
III. Anna Elizabeth Richardson was the third child of Rev. John Smythe and (1) wife Sophia (Hyatt) Richardson, and was born April 12, 1831, and died April 25, 1838.
IV. Maynard Davis Richardson was born April 10, 1833 and died August 4, 1834.
V. Mary Sophia Richardson was born July 16, 1834, and died August 10, 1835.
VI. William Buford Richardson, M.D., married Sarah S. Dargan, March 27, 1860 in Sumter District, S.C. She was a daughter of Milton and wife Emily (Vaughn) Dargan, both of Sumter District. This, their youngest child, was born March 12, 1840. William was the sixth child of Rev. John Smythe and (1) wife Sophia (Hyatt) Richardson and was born December 8, 1835. He graduated M.D. From the Medical College in Charleston, March, 1860. Later that spring the young couple settled in Scottsboro, Baldwin County, Georgia. He loved his profession and was successful in practice.
In 1861-62 he was a surgeon in the Confederate Army, but his health failed, and in accordance with medical advice he resigned his commission and returned to his home in Scottsboro where he engaged in a large and lucrative practice.
He was an affectionate son and loving brother, a devoted husband and father. His courage was a marked characteristic of his nature; from a boy he never seemed to know the meaning of fear; he was indeed a brave man. When he died the poor mourned for him who had treated them with great consideration.
Dr. Richardson died of pneumonia in his home in Scottsboro, Georgia, April 20, 1869, in his 34th year. His widow survived until May 20, 1896. They lay buried in the cemetery in Milledgeville, Georgia. Their children are as follows: Emily Sophia R., William Buford R., Sallie Dargan R., Charles Hyatt R., and James Milton R.
1. Emily Sophia Richardson was born March 14, 1861. She is the first child of Dr. William Buford and wife Sarah (Dargan) Richardson. Her home is in Scottsboro, Georgia. She is an educated, intelligent, Christian woman, and takes a great interest in the church, and lends a liberal helping hand in every good cause.
2. William Buford Richardson married Adella Barnes, a daughter of Augustus and wife Martha (Butts) Barnes. This son of Dr. William Buford and wife Sarah (Dar-
gan) Richardson was born April 13, 1863. His nice, comfortable home is in Baldwin County, and he is a most successful farmer.
Their children are as follows: Mattie R., who died in infancy; Pauline R., who died in infancy; Bessie R., Clara Dargan R., Sarah Dargan R., Charles Hyatt R., Harriet R., William Buford R., Adella R., Emily Sophia R.
3. Sallie Dargan Richardson married Jas. Rennolds Norment, son of Philip Rennolds and wife Julia Blair (Wingfield) Norment, of Studly, Hanover County, Virginia (the birthplace of Patrick Henry). The Wingfields are one of the first families of Virginia. The Norments are of Huguenot descent. Sallie D. was born June 16, 1865. They are living in Scottsboro, Ga.
4. Charles Hyatt Richardson married Maud Jackson of Wilkinson County, Ga., and their home is in that county. He is a successful farmer. They have children as follows: Royce R., William Buford R., and Jesse R.
5. James Milton Richardson, Prof., married Pallie Stewart of Sumter County, Georgia. James, the youngest child of Dr. William Buford and wife Sarah (Dargan) Richardson was born August 29, 1869. He first graduated from the Middle Georgia Military and Agricultural College in Milledgeville, taking first honor in 1891. Then he entered Emory College at Oxford,
Ga., and graduated from this last named college in 1893, taking second honor. Since this date he has filled good positions. He is now president of Levert College, Talbotton, Ga.
VII. Elizabeth Buford Richardson married Dr. John T. Gaddy, dentist, December 21, 1859, the Rev. Mr. Franks officiating. Dr. Gaddy was a son of James and wife Elizabeth (Jones) Gaddy of Marion District, S.C., and was born August 25, 1831. Elizabeth Buford is a daughter of Rev. John Smythe and wife Sophia (Hyatt) Richardson, and was born March 27, 1837.
Dr. Gaddy and family resided in Milledgeville, Ga. He enlisted in the Confederate Army November, 1861, and was in Pratt's Company, Ninth Regiment, Georgia Volunteers. This regiment was stationed on the South Carolina coast. There Dr. Gaddy contracted pneumonia. As soon as he could he joined his wife and child, who were then at her father's home near Sumter, S.C. Alas, typhoid symptoms appeared and he died May 20, 1862. He was laid to rest in the Sumter Cemetery.
Mrs. Gaddy married (2) Maj. John Manly Richardson, a cousin, November 8, 1893, Rev. John Kershaw officiating. Their home was in Daingerfield, Texas. See a full account of Major Richardson and his family in Chap-
ter VI of this record. He died 9:30 p.m. February 4, 1898.
Mrs. Richardson returned to Georgia and her home is now in Milledgeville. She is the author of this record. Dr. Gaddy and wife Elizabeth had one child, Sophia Elizabeth G., born May 9, 1861, and died December 7, 1862.
my other dear one,
We made her little bed,
And left them there together,
My precious early dead.
Together, too, in Heaven,
The man so good and mild,
And his sweet baby image,
Our little darling child.
VIII. Rev. Samuel Mayrant Richardson married (1) Ruth Wood, March 10, 1869, in Sumter, S.C. She was the only child of Professor Howard and wife Mary Elizabeth (Huggins) Wood. Mr. Wood was a professor in the Georgia University in Athens. His wife was from Charleston, S.C. Ruth was a lovely young woman, just 17 years old the day she was married. After becoming the mother of three children, she departed this life October 22, 1877, in her twenty-sixth year. Her youngest child died at the same time and was buried in her arms.
Rev. Samuel Mayrant Richardson married (2) Celia Hatcher, February 10, 1880. She is from Bedford County, Virginia. The Hatchers number among the first families of Virginia. She is a niece of Dr. W.E. Hatch-
er, of Richmond, Virginia. Samuel was the youngest child of of Rev. John Smythe and wife Sophia (Hyatt) Richardson, and was born May 16, 1839. He graduated degree A.B. From the South Carolina College in Columbia, in the class of 1861. The same year he entered the Confederate Army. He was an officer in the artillery service, and he served until the close of the war. The war over, he returned to his home and was principal of the Sumter High School for Boys in '66 and '67. He was baptized in the Baptist Church in Sumter, S.C., November 18, 1866. About this time, in connection with his other duties, he commenced studying for the ministry.
In 1868 he was at the Greenville Theological Seminary when the Sumter Baptist Church extended to him a call to become their pastor, which call he accepted. His ministerial ordination took place in the Sumter Baptist Church November 22, 1868, and his pastorate began that day and continued until July 30, 1871, when he handed in his resignation.
From Sumter he went to Timmonsville, S.C. He then became a faithful and diligent member of the Welsh Neck Association, and began his missionary work in Darlington, Florence, Williamsburg, and Georgetown Counties. He now found scope to exercise his proverbial missionary spirit, preaching to the poor and weak churches and organizing others. Churches seemed to grow into being
at his word; he founded them everywhere, built them from the ground up; among others the church in Timmonsville, of which he was their missionary pastor thirteen years. At the end of this time this church could support a regular pastor, which they did.
He baptized 756 persons, married 121 couples, and the last eighteen years of his life he averaged preaching nearly four sermons a week. Some of his appointments were many miles apart. How can one tell of the long and wearying buggy rides over bad roads, and through dangerous water courses, in heat and in cold, by day and by night; the sojourn under all sorts of roofs; the eating of all kinds of foods; the disappointments, the heart-misgivings and the constant weariness of the delicate body; yet who ever heard him complain? If relatives and friends remonstrated—and the writer is one who did so—he heard their arguments and appreciated their loving interest, but continued his toil. With mall pay and long journeys, he went on his way without a murmur and found an infinite reward in doing his Divine Master's service.
A brother minister writes of him: “He was an ardent and untiring friend in the temperance cause. He saw the evils of the whiskey traffic, and buckled on his armor to wage war against it; the armor was never laid aside until it was replaced by the shinning raiment of the skies, and I am sure that the seed planted
must go on bearing fruit. May it be the will of Heaven to raise up a man to wear with honor the mantle that fell from Richardson's shoulders as he went climbing up the skies.
“* * * He was devoted to the work of the ministry, and had the right views concerning it. His report to the Welsh Neck in 1873 is worthy of study to this day, and his ideas there presented dominated his life to the end. He believed in preaching—preaching sense—and in preparing one's self for the work. Actuated as he was by this principle, his sermons were always a delight to his hearers. * * * His sermons were laden with expositions and illustrations of the great cardinal doctrines, such as justification by faith, repentance and the atonement. * * * Duty was his watchword. I am sure he would have gone to the end of the earth if duty said go. * * * He had the courage of his convictions, and this never failed him. * * * He never feared the face of clay. * * * If God had sought a nineteenth martyr, He could have found all the essential elements combined in this valiant preacher of truth.”
Col. W.F.B. Haynesworth, a very influential man, and a brother Baptist, said of Rev. S.M. Richardson: “He was very gentle, but of great decision of character; as true and conscientious as any man I ever knew, and had the courage to endure martyrdom, if following the right should lead to that.”
He was a very handsome man, very affect-
ionate, kind and considerate; and he was very much beloved.
The writer was with him in 1893 when he lay hovering between life and death at his home in Timmonsville. The whole town and community were stirred with sympathy and anxiety when the tolling of the church bell announced to them that his spirit had taken its flight. It carried grief to each heart, old and young, rich and poor, white and colored, bowed in sadness and distress. He departed this life May 30, 1893, and was buried in the cemetery at Timmonsville.
His (2) wife Celia (Hatcher) Richardson survives, and is at this time entering upon a noble Christian work—that of being Mother in the Margaret Home for Missionaries and their children in Greenville, S.C.
Children of Rev. Samuel Mayrant and (1) wife Ruth (Wood) Richardson as follows: Samuel Howard R., Jessie Ruth R., Elizabeth R.
One child was born unto Rev. Samuel Mayrant and (2) wife Celia (Hatcher) Richardson: Ruth Wood R.
1. Samuel Howard Richardson was born February 21, 1870, and died September 22, 1882, in his thirteenth year. He was a handsome, promising boy, bright and intelligent, and a great joy to his loving father, as the following verses tell:
My Son, on His Birthday
Eighteen years have flown, my boy,
Since your first low, plaintive cry
Thrilled your father's heart with joy;
Shall I tell the reason why?
were mine, my first my son,
My own, my darling pet;
And the place so early won
You have never lost as yet.
will make six years
Since your life in heav'n began,
And I try to dry my tears,
But I fear I never can.
my thoughts will turn to thee
When the work of the day is o'er,
And a longing comes to me
To have thee just as of yore.
years old to-day;”
Let me picture now within
What thy features and their play—
What thy face and form had been.
have grown in stature, my love,
Since Christ has been watching thee,
Bute'en in the realms above
You are still my boy to me.
Timmonsville, S.C., Feb. 21, 1888
2. Jessie Ruth Richardson married David Robert Coker, September 12, 1894. He is a son of Major James Lide and wife Susan Armstrong (Stout) Coker. David R. graduated A.B. From the South Carolina College in class 1891. He is a prosperous businessman.
Jessie was born July 2, 1874. Their home
is in Hartsvill, South Carolina. They have children as follows:
Mirriam C., who died in childhood; Katherine C., Hannah C., Elinoe Ruth C., and Robert Richardson C.
3. Elizabeth Richardson was born October 21, 1877, and died the same day.
4. Ruth Wood Richardson was born April 2, 1885. In 1904 she graduated from Hollins, Virginia.
3rd. Elizabeth Frances Richardson, daughter of Judge John Smythe and wife Elizabeth Lucretia (Buford) Richardson, was born August 5, 1807, died August 23, 1809.
4th. Susna William Ann Richardson married Thomas Muldrow Logan, M.D. She was the only daughter of Judge John Smythe and wife Elizabeth Lucretia (Buford) Richardson who lived to years of maturity. Dr Logan and family first made their home in Charleston, S.C., then in New Orleans, La. Mrs. Logan and her children returned to South Carolina about the year 1848. She died in 1864 in Charleston, at the residence of her youngest child, Mrs. Mood.
Children of Dr. Thos. M. and wife Susan W.A. (Richardson) Logan were as follows: John Richardson L., Margaret Muldrow L., Thomas Muldrow L., Elizabeth Lucretia L., Susan Richardson L.
I. John Richardson Logan married Elizabeth Wilder. Their home was in Sumter S.C. They had but one child:
1. Margaret Yongue Logan. She is now Mrs. Stansill. Mr. Stansill's home is in Sumter, S.C. They have a large family.
II. Margaret Muldrow Logan married Robert Aiken Yongue. Mr. Yongue graduated from the South Carolina College, taking degree A.B. In class of 1850. Their home was in Columbia, S.C., and was destroyed when Sherman burned that beautiful city. They died, leaving two children: Robert Aiken Y., and James Carson Y. Both are ministers in the South Carolina Conference and both are married and have families.
III. Thomas Muldrow Logan, M.D., moved out west and we have lost sight of him.
IV. Elizabeth Lucretia Logan died in infancy.
V. Susan Richardson Logan married Rev. Asbury Mood. She was the youngest child of Dr. Thomas Muldrow and wife Susan W.A. (Richardson) Logan.
For many years Mr. Mood was a member of the South Carolina Conference. He occupied high positions and filled important appointments.
When the Civil War was over he moved
with his young family to Texas, and before he had been there long he was offered the presidency of the Southwestern University, in Georgetown, Texas, which position he accepted and filled to the time of his death. His wife still resides in her home in Georgetown. They reared a large family.
5th. David Evans Richardson, son of Judge John Smythe and wife Elizabeth Lucretia (Buford) Richardson, was born May 22, 1810, and died July, 1812. His remains were buried at Bloom Hill.
6th. Maynard Davis Richardson, Attorney-at-Law. This talented, brave, and much beloved son of Judge John Smythe and wife Elizabeth Lucretia (Buford) Richardson was born January 1, 1812. He graduated from the South Carolina College, Columbia, S.C., taking degree A.B. in class of 1830. The hearts of his parents were centered on him, but death claimed him October 12, 1832 in his twenty-first year. There is a handsome portrait of him in the family, which used to be among the Bloom Hill collection of family portraits. His life was written and his literary remains compiled by the distinguished author—William Gilmore Simms. A handsome marble monument marks his grave in the Bloom Hill family burial ground.
7th. Elinor Lucretia Richardson was born
May 18, 1814, and died December 17, 1814. She was buried at Bloom Hill.
8th. William Buford Richardson was born April 24, 1816, and died October, 1831, in his sixteenth year. Sad hearts bore this manly youth to his tomb at Bloom Hill.
9th. Langdon Chevis Richardson was born September 24, 1817, and died October 1817.
10th. Francis deLesseline Richardson, Attorney-at-Law, married Agnes Fraser. He was the youngest child of Judge John Smythe and wife Elizabeth Lucretia (Buford) Richardson. Agnes was an only daughter of Benjamin Porter and wife Agnes (Kerpatrick) [(Kirkpatrick)] Fraser, and a sister of Hugh Fraser, Jr., and a grand-daughter of Rev. Hugh Fraser and first wife, Miss Porter.
Col. Richardson's home was in Charleston, S.C., and he was a member of the Charleston bar. In 1848-49 he represented Charleston District in the South Carolina legislature.
He and his wife were both stinkingly handsome, and his many friends loved and admired him. His was a quick, brilliant mind, he knew no such word as failure. He was very affectionate, especially so to his aged mother, and he had a kindly disposition. His children idolized him, and between him and his large number of nieces and nephews existed the warmest attachment. He was very
bright, happy and cheerful, and his genial nature was inspiring. But all this life and cheer had to succumb to death when he was yet in the prime of manhood. He and his wife and their two little sons lie buried in Bloom Hill Cemetery.
Four children were born unto them as follows: Maynard Davis, Agnes Fraser, Emma Buford, and Peter Fraser.
I. Maynard Davis Richardson died in infancy.
II. Agnes Fraser Richardson died unmarried.
III. Emma Buford Richardson married James Sanders Guignard Mayrant, a cousin. James was born and reared in Columbia, S.C., and made his home in that city. He died about the year 1885 . Mrs. Mayrant survives and still resides in Columbia. See an account of their descendants in Chapter V. in connection with record of James S.G. Mayrant
IV. Peter Fraser Richardson was the youngest child of Francis deLesseline and wife Agnes (Fraser) Richardson, and died in infancy.
The Guignard Branch
of the Richardson Family
Fifth.—Caroline Richardson married James Sanders Guignard, a first cousin, the only child of John Gabriel and wife Elizabeth (Sanders) Guignard. James was born January 14, 1780. Caroline was the fifth child of Capt. William and wife Ann Magdalen (Guignard) Richardson, and was born February 7, 1779, 2a.m. Mr. Guignard and Caroline were grand-children of Gabriel and wife Frances (deLesseline) Guignard. Their home, a spacious mansion surrounded by extensive grounds, was on Senate Street, Columbia, S.C.
Mr. Guignard's valuable fruit orchard and vineyard near his home were much admired; there he raised the most delicious fruit.
It was in this home that the widowed mother, Mrs. William Richardson, spent her last years, and here she died May 23, 1810, and from here her remains were taken to Bloom Hill and laid to rest by the side of her husband, Capt. Wm. Richardson.
Mrs. Guignard died December 4, 1816, leaving a large family. Mr. Guignard married (2) Eliza Sanders Ford, a cousin. She became the mother of one child, which died in infancy. She too, preceded her husband to the grave. He
died November 2, 1856, in his 78th year. He and his two wives were laid to rest in Trinity Church yard, Columbia, S.C. Children of James Sanders and wife Caroline (Richardson) Guignard were as follows: John Garbiel G., James Sanders G., Arena Magdalen G., Maynard G., Carolina Elizabeth G., Sara Slaun G., Frances Ann Margaret Horry G., Mary Susan Poinsett G.
1st. John Gabriel Guignard, M.D., first child of James Sanders and wife Caroline (Richardson) Guignard was born November 14, 1801. He was a member of the South Carolina legislature, a planter and a successful business man, much beloved and high esteemed. He was notably fond of horses. He died December 4, 1857, in his 56th year.
2nd. James Sanders Guignard, Jr., married (1) Elizabeth Richardson of Edgefield District, S.C. He married (2) Mrs. Anna M. Edwards; she left no children. Elizabeth Richardson was not a descendant of Capt. William Richardson, neither could any relationship be traced. Mr. Guignard followed planting as an occupation. His home was first in Edgefield District, the in Columbia, S.C., after the death of his father, which occurred November 2, 1856, the family mansion on Senate Street, Columbia, S.C., became his home. He was born October 1, 1803, and
died February 1868. Children of James Sanders, Jr., and wife Elizabeth (Richardson) Guignard were as follows: James Sanders G., John Gabriel G., Caroline Frances G., Sarah Slaun G., Laura G., Susan G., Emma Slaun G., William G., Benjamin G.
I. James Sanders Guignard III married Sarah A. Frost, February 24, 1858. He was the first child of James Sanders, Jr., and wife Elizabeth (Richardson) Guignard, and was born May 1, 1831. His home was in Columbia, S.C., and its vicinity many years; his occupation was planting. He did service in the Confederate Army as lieutenant of Mounted Rifles. He died in North Carolina April 9, 1901, to which State he had moved not long before his death, and there he was buried. His widow survives and is doing a noble work of charity. They had three children who reached maturity, as follows:
1. Elizabeth Guignard married Greg Maxey [Gregg Maxcy]. They live in Florida and have children as follows: Julian M., Sarah M., John M., Greg M., Latimer M., Ruth M [ Julia M., Sarah M., John M., Gregg M., Latimer M., Ruth M., and Guignard M.].
2. James Sanders Guignard, the fourth of the name, was born May 1874.
3. Sarah Frost Guignard, the youngest child.
II. John Gabriel Guignard married Jane Bruce Salley May 14, 1859. She was from Orangeburg County, South Carolina, and was
born April 2, 1840. He was the second child of James Sander, Jr., and wife Elizabeth (Richardson) Guignard, and was born April 23, 1832. He is the third in the Guignard family to bear the name—“John Gabriel.” He is a noble and true man and is very much beloved.
He served in the Confederate Army, Civil War, first as a private, then as lieutenant of Sharp-Shooters; afterwards as military engineer; and he was in charge of Fort Moultrie and other fortifications on Sullivan's Island during the bombardment of Charleston. He also served at the forts below Mobile, Ala. He was paroled with Johnson's Army at Greensboro, N.C., in Spring of 1865.
He served Richland County in the Wallace House legislature in 1876. His beloved wife passed away in his home near Columbia, S.C., March 5, 1900. Children of John Gabriel and wife Jane Bruce (Salley) Guignard as follows:
1. Gabriel Alex Guignard, who is living near Columbia, South Carolina.
2. Mary Guignard, who lives with her brother, Gabriel Alex Guignard.
3. Rev. Sanders Richardson Guignard married Margaret Harrison of Richmond, Va. He is an Episcopal minister and is now Rector of St. Andrews Church, Greensboro, N.C. His beloved wife recently passed away [died 1906?], leaving two little children.
4. Caroline Guignard is a portrait paint-
er; she lives with her father near Columbia, South Carolina.
5. Susan Richardson Guignard keeps books for her brother, lives with her father.
6. William Slaun Guignard, Captain of Artillery, U.S.A., now Military Attache at the Court of France to the United States Legation.
7. Christopher Gadsden Guignard is in business near Columbia, S.C.
8. Jane Bruce Guignard, a graduate in medicine, now taking a hospital course in Philadelphia.
9. Elizabeth Guignard married Lewis Isaac Guion, June 25, 1905, in Trinity Church, Columbia, S.C.
III. Caroline Frances Guignard married J. Reid Boylston of Charleston, S.C. She died early, leaving no children.
IV. Sarah Slaun Guignard, born August 17, 1839, died September 11, 1843.
V. Laura Guignard was born April 25, 1842.
VI. Susan Guignard married Rev. Paul G. Jenkins, an Episcopal minister. She was born May 3, 1844, and died 1880, leaving five children as follows:
1. Emma Jenkins, who lives with her father in Washington, D.C. She is a government clerk.
2. Caroline Jenkins is her fathers housekeeper.
3. Estelle Jenkins married Wilmot Harris, Postmaster of Charleston, S.C.
4. James Sanders Guignard Jenkins has a position in the Post Office at Charleston, South Carolina.
5. Mary G. Jenkins was adopted by her aunt, Mrs. Gambrill; she lives with this aunt and assists Mr. Gambrill with his business.
VII. Emma Slaun Guignard married D. Gambrill, July 14, 1870. He does business in Columbia, S.C., and is highly esteemed. Their only child is Mary G. Jenkins, and adopted daughter.
VIII. William Guignard was born May 8, 1849. Though very young, he did some warm service for the Confederacy. He was killed November 13, 1869, by the falling of a horse.
IX. Benjamin Richardson Guignard, the youngest child of James Sanders, Jr., and wife Elizabeth (Richardson) Guignard, was born May 18, 1851, and died November 11, 1860.
3rd. Arena Magdalen Guignard died August 2, 1810.
4th. Maynard Guignard died early.
5th. Caroline Elizabeth Guignard married
Robert W. Gibbes, M.D., December 20, 1827. Their home was in Columbia, S.C. He was a physician of distinction, a scholar, and a true man whom his many friends held in high regard. He is the author of “Gibbes' Documentary History of the American Revolution.” Caroline Elizabeth was the fifth child of James Sanders and wife Caroline (Richardson) Guignard and was born April 14, 1811. Dr. Gibbs and his wife lived to a good old age. She died in their home in Columbia, February 1, 1865,; the Doctor was then in feeble health, but he lived to see his elegant home burned by Sherman, that enemy of our South-land.
He died in Columbia and was laid to rest by the side of his wife in Trinity church-yard. They had twelve children, as follows: James Guignard G., Robert Wilson G., Samuel G., Mary Caroline G., Wade Hampton G., William Moultrie G., Washington Alston G., Deveux G., Benjamin G., Harriet G., Thomas Hazel G., and Alice G.
I. James Guignard Gibbs married (1) Miss McCulough. He married (2) Mrs. Gilchrist. He was a civil engineer, a gifted man of sterling worth. Though he was not a soldier in the Confederate Army, he rendered service to the Confederacy perhaps greater than many a one who carried a sword or shouldered a musket. His home was in Columbia, S.C. He was born Jan. 26, 1829, and
died in 1903, leaving six children, two of his first marriage, as follows:
1. James Guignard Gibbes, Jr., who married and died recently, leaving one child.
2. Minnie Gibbes, who married D. Augustus Childs. Their home is in Columbia, S.C. They have two children—Mary and David
Children of Second Marriage:
3. Robert W. Gibbes, M.D., married Miss Andrews. He is an eminent physician.
4. Elizabeth Gibbes married Mr. Montgomery. Their home is in Spartanburg, South Carolina.
5. Hunter E. Gibbes, Attorney-at-Law, does business in Columbia, S.C.
6. Ethel Gibbes, who lives with her mother in Columbia, S.C. [married Dr. Cheatham]
II. Robert W. Gibbes, M.D., married (1) May Howe of Charleston, a lovely young woman who died early. She had three children; all are dead. Dr. Gibbes married (2) Caroline Susan Scott, a first cousin, a daughter of John Alex and wife Sarah Slaun (Guignard) Scott.
Dr. Robert W. Gibbes, Jr., was the second child of Dr. Robert W. and wife Caroline Elizabeth (Guignard) Gibbes, and was born January 10, 1831. He graduated M.D. From the Medical College in Charleston, S.C., and like his father, for whom he was named, he was a successful practitioner in his native city, where he died in his home October 25,
1875.. His widow survives and lives in the same home. Children of Dr. Robert W. and (2) wife Caroline Susan (Scott) Gibbes are as follows:
1. James Wilson Gibbes, who is a merchant in Columbia. He married and has one son.
2. Sarah E. Gibbes married——————.
3. Caroline Susan Gibbes married Mr. Hunter of Union County, S.C. She died leaving two children.
4. Jennie Gibbes lives with her mother.
5. Marion Gibbes lives with her mother.
6. Robert W. Gobbes.
III. Samuel Gibbes, son of Dr. Robert W. and wife Caroline Elizabeth (Guignard) Gibbes, was born February 6, 1833, and died February 20, 1834.
IV. Mary Caroline Gibbes married Col. John P. Thomas, author of the “History of the South Carolina Military Academy.” This was his alma mater and he was long connected with it in one way or another; for some years he was its Superintendent and professor of Belles Lettres and Ethics. Previous to this he was founder and Superintendent of the Carolina Military Institute, in Charlotte, N.C. He was offered the presidency of the Middle Georgia Military and Agricultural College in Milledgeville, Georgia. This he declined.
At one time Col. Thomas was an editor. He is a true man and has always stood up for right. During the war between the sections he rendered valiant service in the Confederate Army.
Mrs. Thomas was the fourth child of Dr. Robert W. and wife Caroline Elizabeth (Guignard) Gibbes and was born April 1, 1835. She was a beautiful character, quiet, gentle, and dignified. She died August, 1889, and was buried in Trinity Churchyard, Columbia, S.C. Children of Col. John Peyre and wife Mary Caroline (Gibbes) Thomas as follows:
1. John Peyre Thomas, Jr., Attorney-at-Law, married Miss Watts. He is a prominent member of the legal fraternity of Columbia, S.C., where he resides; and he has recently associated with him for the practice of law, his son Watts [Waties]. They have several children, Watts [Waties] T., Mary T., Caroline T.
2. Mary Thomas attained maturity and died November, 1894.
3. Robert Thomas is a professor in the Military Academy, Charleston, S.C. He is not married.
4. Benjamin Thomas married, but his wife is dead.
5. Elizabeth Thomas is a teacher in the Graded School, Columbia, S.C.
6. W.C. Thomas; his occupation is farming.
7. Harriet Thomas married Rev. Mr.
Mitchell, an Episcopal minister. They are now living in Greenville, S.C., and have children.
8. Albert Thomas is an Episcopal minister.
9. Harold Thomas married Dora Laroch. He is an Episcopal minister.
10. Elenor Thomas is a professor of English in St. Mary's College, N.C.
11. Alston Thomas died when about eighteen years old.
Wade Hampton Gibbes married Miss. Mason of Virginia. She died years ago, leaving children. He was a graduate of the United States Military Academy and served through the Civil War in the Confederate Army as Major of Artillery. Their children are as follows:
1. Wade Hampton Gibbes, Jr. He has been married twice and has several children.
2. Jane Gibbes.
3. Frances Gibbes.
4. Mason Gibbes, who married Miss. LeConte.
VI. William Moultrie Gibbes married Miss Clark. He served in the Confederate Army as Captain of Infantry. They live at Union, S.C., and have one son—William Moultrie G.
VII. Washington Alston Gibbes married Miss Hunt of Augusta, Ga. He served as Captain of Infantry in the Confederate Army, Civil War. He is now ticket Agent at the Union Depot, Augusta, Ga. His wife has been dead many years. There are several children of this marriage. Washington Alston Gibbes is a fine character, noble and brave. [Washington A. Gibbes married Elizabeth Forster Hunt, great granddaughter of Elizabeth Gibbes and Samuel Hunt. Daughters: Mrs. Hayden C. Shover, Miss Elizabeth Guignard Gibbes, Mrs. Francis Waring Plumb, Mrs. John Tilkey Bailie]
VIII. Devaux (sic) Gibbes, aged three years.
IX. Benjamin Gibbes died of camp fever in the Confederate Army.
X. Harriet Gibbes married Mr. Dosier of Georgetown, S.C., where they reside. They have children—Alice D. and Robert D.
XI. Thomas Hasel Gibbes married Jennie Talley. He is now Mayor of Columbia, S.C. They have children—Thomas Hasel G., Alex G. and Amy G.
XII. Alice Gibbes married William Childs, a banker of Columbia, S.C. She was the youngest child of Dr. Robert W. and wife Caroline Elizabeth (Guignard) Gibbes and was born June 11, 1853. She died recently, leaving children as follows: Edith C., Nancy C., Alice C., Elizabeth C., Eugenia C., Mary C. and Helen C.
6th. Sarah Slaun Guignard married John
Alex Scott of Mississippi. She was the sixth child of James Sanders and wife Caroline (Richardson) Guignard, and was born April 1, 1813. She was married February 25, 1830, and died of yellow fever in 1844, and was buried at “Elmsley,” the home of the Liddels, near Woodville, Miss. John Alex and wife Sarah Slaun (Guignard) Scott had children as follows:
I. James Sanders Guignard Scott was born March 14, 1831. He died about the age of maturity.
II. A. Marshall G. Scott was born February 14, 1833. He died early.
III. Caroline Susan Scott married Robt. W. Gibbes, Jr., M.D., of Columbia, S.C., where they made their home. He was her first cousin. She was born February 14, 1834. Her husband has been dead for many years; she survives and reared the six children he left her, and still resides in their home in Columbia, S.C. See mention of their children on another page of this chapter in the record of her husband.
IV. John Alex Scott married out West, and died early.
V. Sarah Slaun Scott married Henry Lee; their home is in Mississippi. She was born November 2, 1837. Their children are:
W. Henry L., John Alex L., Caroline L., and Sarah L.
VI. Maynard Richardson Scott was born December 22, 1839. Died aged four years.
VII. Calhoun Scott was born April 21, 1842, and died about the age of maturity.
VIII. Elizabeth Frances Scott was born August 20, 1843. She died soon after attaining maturity. She was the youngest child of John Alex and wife Sarah Slaun (Guignard) Scott.
7th Frances Ann Margaret Horry Guignard married Robt. P. Mayrant, a first cousin, a son of Col. William and wife Ann (Richardson) Mayrant. Frances was the seventh child of James Sanders and wife Caroline (Richardson) Guignard, and was born Jan. 5, 1815.
Their large ante-bellum home was on Senate Street, Columbia, S.C. Her husband preceded her to the grave, she lived to be quite old.. They reared seven children. See record of these in Chapter V in connection with the record of her husband, Robert P. Mayrant.
8th Mary Susan Poinsett Guignard married James Wilson Gibbes of Charleston, South Carolina, June 4, 1835. She was the young-
est child of James Sanders and wife Caroline (Richardson) Guignard, and was born Dec. 9, 1816. Early she was left a widow with three young children. She was very pretty, with gentle, winning manners. When we knew her she was keeping house for her aged father and caring for him in every way; for his second wife had preceded him to the grave, and he was lonely and needed the care and loving consideration of just such a daughter. Children of James Wilson and wife Mary Susan Poinsett (Guignard) Gibbes as follows:
I. Ann Placida Gibbes married Mr. Lee. They made their home in Florida. She was born August 21, 1836. Two children were born unto them.
II. Mary Sue Gibbes married Rev. Robert Wilson. Their one child is named Susan Wilson.
III. Eliza Gabriella Gibbes married Gadsden Edwards. She was born July 16, 1841. Their two children are Henry and Nellie.
Sixth—Manly Richardson never married. He was the sixth child of Captain William and wife Ann Magdalen (Guignard) Richardson and was born at the Bel-Air residence, Bloom Hill plantation, February 4, 1781, 3 a.m.
Manly's mind became impaired. His devoted mother could not bear the idea of sending him to a sanitarium for treatment or for any cause. She made every effort to have him cared for and treated in her own home; but when years passed and he grew no better, but rather worse, she decided to send him to a private sanitarium in Philadelphia.
After he had been there under treatment for several years, she sent her son Charles Poinsett to visit him, that she might know something definite about his condition. Their first interview was as follows: Charles was asked to be seated in a room alone. Presently Manly walked in. Apparently he took no notice of his brother Charles, but walked the floor up and down, and continued doing so. Charles wore on his finger a ring which in former years Manly had known and admired. Taking this ring from his finger, he placed it on a table where it would likely attract Manly's attention. It resulted as he hoped. As Manly drew near, he stopped, took
took up the ring and examined it. Charles inquired, “Do you remember it?” “yes,” he said, replaced it, and continued his walk. Charles was convinced before he left Philadelphia that, though his brother was quiet, he would never be better, and so reported to his mother.
The mother then gave up all hope that her son would ever be well enough to return to her, so she left Bloom Hill, turned it over to her eldest son, William Guignard Richardson, who was heir to the ancestral home, and she then made her home with her daughter Caroline, Mrs. James Sanders Guignard.
Manly Richardson never recovered. He departed this life October 2, 1829.
The Ioor Branch
of the Richardson Family
Seventh—Emily Richardson married General John Ioor, a first cousin, in 1804. She was the seventh child of Captain William and wife Ann Magdalen (Guignard) Richardson and was born at Bel-Air, Bloom Hill Plantation, August 7, 1782, 11:p.m.
Emily was very beautiful and lovely in heart and life; thus she drew to herself a host of admiring friends, and her friends were not confined to those of her own age, older people loved her and loved to have her in their homes. Among others, General Francis Marion and Mrs. Marion were very fond of her and often had her to make them long visits in her young days. Likewise, General Peter Horry and Mrs. Horry would have her spend much time with them. Mrs. Horry was Emily's aunt, her mother's sister. See Chapter II of this record.
Emily never forgot any of these dear friends of her girlhood days, and in after years in her far distant western home she loved to tell her children and her grand-children of the happy days she spent with them.
The Ioors were among the first settlers of this country. It is said that Joseph Ioor came to South Carolina in the year 1696 with a colony
from Dorchester, Mass. (which is now the Sixteenth ward of Boston), and the colony settled on the Ashley River and called the town “Dorchester.”
Joseph Ioor was the father of John Ioor, Sr., who married Mary Wallace, a daughter of Col. Wallace of the British Army stationed in Dorchester, S.C.
John and wife Mary (Wallace) Ioor were both buried in St. George's church-yard, Dorchester, S.C., and it is said that his tomb is still standing. They left five children—three sons—John, Joseph, and George, and two daughters—Mary, who married who married Mr. Waring, and the other daughter became Mrs. Ray, who went with her family of twelve children to reside in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The eldest son John Ioor married and left one son, Dr. William B. Ioor of Greenville, South Carolina.
The second son, Joseph Ioor, and Capt. Biddle, with their three hundred and fifteen men were blown up on the “Randolph” March 17, 1778. This explosion was caused by a spark from the enemy's gunboat falling on their powder magazine.
The third son, George Ioor, married Frances Guignard, a daughter of Gabriel and wife Frances (deLesseline) Guignard. See Chapter II of this Record. Their home was Clermont, on their plantation near Statesburg, Sumter District, S.C.
Frances (Guignard) Ioor died in 1807 and was buried at Clermont.
George Ioor married (2) Elizabeth Catherine Fley, his half sister-in-law, daughter of Col. Samuel and wife Frances (deLesseline) Fley. See Chapter II of this Record. George Ioor died in 1809, soon after his second marriage, and was buried at Clermont. Col. Fley was also buried at Clermont. George Ioor left no children of the second marriage.
George and wife Frances (Guignard) Ioor had three children—on daughter, who died in Charleston, S.C., just as she had completed her education in that city, and two sons—John and Benjamin.
Dr. Benjamin Ioor married Elizabeth Walters. They first lived in Statesboro, S.C., but afterwards moved to Columbia, S.C., and made their home in that city. They had four children—three daughters, Elizabeth, Julia, and Henrietta, and one son, William, who died young.
The eldest son of George and wife Frances (Guignard) Ioor was Gen. John Ioor, whom Emily Richardson married as stated at the beginning of this chapter. He was born in 1780, and was reared at Clearmont, near Statesburg, S.C. Gen. Peter and wife Margaret (Guignard) Horry were very fond of John Ioor, he was their favorite nephew. There were no children in the Horry family, so they left Peter Horry Ioor—John and Emily's first son—much of their large estate.
John Ioor was educated at the Charleston College. Bishop Bower was then the president of that college. Soon after completing his education, he traveled over the North, stopping at places of interest, in company with Goveneur Morris, the statesman, and signer of the Constitution of the United States.
John Ioor and wife Emily lived near Statesburg, S.C., until 1810, when they and their three small children—Peter Horry, George, and Ann Fley—moved to the Mississippi Territory, taking with them their large number of slaves. They were also accompanied by Mrs. Ioor's younger sister, Bethia Frances Richardson.
At that time it was a long journey through the wilderness, over rough roads and dangerous streams, camping out at night and passing through many settlements of hostile Indian tribes who then inhabited the forest. They went to the extreme south-western portion of Mississippi. Their plantation was two miles and a half from the village of Woodville, in Wilkinson County, They displayed much taste in establishing their beautiful home, which they called “The Hills,” in honor and in memory, we suppose, of that section of the country where they had lived, in Carolina, which was and still is known as The Hills; for their loving hearts were ever turning towards the home they had left, their friends and kindred.
Their new residence was a spacious mansion amid attractive surroundings; and Mrs. Ioor's
lovely flower garden, where every beautiful flower, vine, and shrub adapted to our Southern clime grew, was the joy of the family and the admiration of many; for The Hills soon became a very hospitable home.
John Ioor served as captain in the Indian War; and he was a colonel of a regiment at the Battle of New Orleans, January 8, 1814. He furnished the cannon and contributed largely of his private means for the support and outfit of his command. He was a member of the state senate in 1817, in which year Mississippi became a state, and in that year he was made Brigadier General of the state troops. From this time his duties took him much from home and necessitated an active out-door life. He became familiar with the rough roads through the dense wildwood, for we fail to tell how many times he traveled from one end of the state to the other, reviewing and drilling the troops; every man enrolled for duty was heavily fined if not at roll call. Those were unsettled, troublous times and Indian raids were not uncommon. Life with him was not only full of work, but full of danger; especially would danger confront him when as a lone horseman he would be wending his way through the often hostile tribes of Choctaws and Chickasaws; but bravely and fearlessly he went on his way discharging his duties.
About the year 1826 Gen. Ioor was engaged in a dual with Judge Child, of the supreme
bench, in which encounter both were badly wounded, but fortunately both recovered.
Gen. Ioor was talented, generous and brave, in fact he was an elegant gentleman and he had a host of friends; among them were Gov. Alston, Gov. Pondexter of Mississippi, and most of the leading men of the day. Audubon, the naturalist and ornithologist, who has a statue and a large park to his memory in New Orleans, La., once taught school at “The Hills” in the early days of the country. The best masters were provided to educate that large family—nine children of their own, four motherless nieces and nephews, the Liddells, and four wards—neighbors children. Gen. Ioor and wife had big hearts, taking in all these and making them happy. And oh! How these dear children would raise up in after years and call them “blessed.”
Mrs. Ioor was very handsome and intelligent, and a woman of a great deal of character. She was wonderful in the management of that large, well regulated household and in everything that came under her supervision.
But as to us all, so to this ideal home, came vicissitude and change; their little Samuel sickened and died, and they laid him to rest in the little home cemetery close by. They had had twelve children, and all that remained of their two eldest they left buried in Carolina. Samuel was their tenth. And now we shrink from what we must relate. We would that heaven had
seen fit to spare longer the true, the noble, the brave John Ioor. The evening of May 16, 1836, there was to be a lecture in Woodville. Gen. Ioor and some members of his family had arranged to attend this lecture, He started ahead on horseback, the others were to follow on in their carriage. But alas! The heart-rending news came to them that Gen. Ioor was seriously injured, and his almost lifeless body was brought home with he skull crushed in. He tried to speak, but could not. He murmured something which they could not understand, and died that night.
It was not supposed that he had been assassinated, for it was not known that he had an enemy; so it was first thought that his horse had thrown him, and in the fall his head had struck against something which produced the wound and caused his death.
The grief stricken family and friends laid him to rest in the cemetery at The Hills. He was only in his 56th year, still in the prime of life, in health and vigor.
He left to his six surviving sons an example excelled by none; and we fail to tell how much they loved and admired him: to them he was he embodiment of all that was grand and noble, their ideal of a perfect man.
Years after Gen. Ioor's death, a negro man was dying on an adjoining plantation who sent for young John Ioor, begging that he would come to see him, for he had something on his mind which he wanted to tell before he died.
The negro confessed that the evening Gen. Ioor received his death wound, that his master, Woodward, and himself were hid in a thicket by the roadside and sprang out on him as he rode by; that his master compelled him to hold Gen. Ioor's horse while he (Woodward) struck him on the head with an iron bar. A short time before this, Woodward had disputed the boundary line of a fence. Now,to think of that cruel, hardened, wicked creature, with his great guilt resting upon him, with his hands freshly stained with blood, going to that house of mourning and offering to sit up with Gen. Ioor!
Before the confession of the dying negro was made, Woodward committed another heinous crime and had fled to Texas, unpunished.
Mrs. Ioor, the beloved wife, survived her husband twenty-eight years. She continued to reside at “The Hills,” and there she died June 25, 1864, in her 81st year, and her loving children laid her to rest by the side of her husband. Children were born unto Gen. John and wife Emily (Richardson) Ioor as follows: Margaret I., Frances I., Peter Horry I., George I., Ann Fley I., John I., Benjamin I., William I., Joseph I., Samuel I., Emily I., and Caroline Bethia I.
1st. Margaret Ioor, the first child of Gen. John and wife Emily (Richardson) Ioor, died in early childhood before her parents moved to Mississippi Territory.
2nd. Frances Ioor also died before her parents moved from Statesburg, S.C.
3rd. Judge Peter Horry Ioor married Charlotte Withers Herron. She was a native of Charleston, S.C., and was well educated, intelligent, and cultured. Judge Ioor was highly educated. His parents sent him back to his native state to complete his education in the South Carolina College in Columbia. He graduated A.B. In class 1829, under the celebrated Prof. Cooper. Judge Ioor was a great reader and he was well versed on many subjects. He took much interest in politics and in the welfare of the South. Like his father he drew around him the leading men of his day; the Mississippi historian (Clayborne) was a friend of his, also Jefferson Davis, our Confederate President, who visited him at Woodville several times after the Civil War. They would talk over their boyhood days, when they were neighbors and school friends.
Judge Ioor resided in Woodville, Miss., and there his wife died May 8, 1871. After this he made his home in Bat St. Louis, Miss. He died February 15, 1878. Their surviving children are:
Ella E. Ioor.
II. Maria P. Ioor.
III. John Ioor.
IV. Peter Horry Ioor.
4th. George Ioor married (1) Laura Singleton. Laura died and he married (2) Catherine Shelby. He completed his education in the South Carolina College. His home was on his plantation in Bolivar County, Miss., and there George died in the year 1848. George and (1) wife left two daughters, Caroline Ioor and Laura Ioor. George and (2) wife left one son—John Shelby Ioor.
5th. Ann Fley Ioor married (1) William Haile, Attorney-at-Law and member of Congress from Mississippi. She was born in Statesburg, Sumter District, S.C. Col. Haile's home was near Greenville, Miss. He died leaving three children and Mrs. Haile married (2) Bennet H. Barrow.
Children of Col. William and wife Ann Fley (Ioor) Haile were as follows:
I. Calhoune Haile, who served as Captain in the Confederate Army, died since.
II. John Haile served in the Confederate Army and was killed in battle in Virginia.
III. Emily Haile married Mr. Bedon.
Mrs. Barrow died leaving two daughters of her second marriage—
IV. Anna E. Barrow, and
V. Martha Alena Barrow.
6th. John Ioor, Jr., married Sophia Johnson of New York. This son of Gen. John and wife Emily (Richardson) Ioor was born af-
ter the family had moved to Mississippi. He died at Bayou Sara, La., leaving three sons and three daughters. His widow, with her family, moved to New York.
7th. William Ioor died of yellow fever in 1844.
8th. Benjamin Ioor married Mrs. Lina Jemeson. He died leaving one son—Rawlins Ioor.
9th. Joseph Ioor married Anna Tinley. This son of Gen. John and wife Emily (Richardson) Ioor died leaving four daughters and two sons.
10th. Samuel Ioor died in childhood.
11th. Emily Ioor married Mr. Bennet H. Barrow. Their plantation was six miles from Bayou Sara, La. They had six children as follows:
I. James Barrow who was badly wounded and crippled for life while serving in the Confederate Army.
II. John Ioor Barrow, who was severely wounded while serving in the Confederate Army, and recently died from the effects of his wounds. At the time of his death he was serving his county as sheriff and Louisiana as senator.
III. Clifford Barrow.
IV. Hilliard Barrow married Mary Charlotte Smith.
V. Amanda Barrow married Wade Richardson.
VI. Emily Barrow married J.Jameson.
12th. Caroline Bethia Ioor married (1) Jas. Flowers. She was the youngest child of Gen. John and wife Emily (Richardson) Ioor. Mr. Flowers died early. Mrs. Flowers married (2) Rev. William Giles, an Episcopal minister. He died and Mrs. Giles married (3) Edward Warring [Waring?] Ioor, a cousin, son of Dr. William B. Ioor of Greenville, S.C. Their home was in Woodville, Mississippi. He was mayor of Woodville at the time of his death. Children of Edward Warring [Waring?] Ioor and wife Emily are as follows:
I. Emily Ioor, who became Mrs. Collins.
II. Margaret Ioor, who became Mrs. Fassman.
The Liddell Branch
of the Richardson Family
Eighth: Bethia Frances Richardson married Moses Liddell October 20, 1814. She was the youngest child of Capt. William and wife Ann Magdalen (Guignard) Richardson and was born at the BelAir residence, Bloom Hill plantation, December 31, 1784, 11:a.m. Moses Liddell was born in Abbeville District, S.C., March 5, 1785. He was the son of Andrew Liddell who was born in Abbeville District 1750, and died in the year 1831, aged 81 years. Andrew Liddell was the son of James Liddell, who was born in Abbeville District, S.C., in 1712 and died in 1796, in his 84th year.
In 1810 Bethia's mother, the widow of Capt. William Richardson, died. Bethia was now berift of both parents, her father had been dead many years, and in December of the same year when her sister Emily, Mrs. John Ioor and family were moving to Mississippi Territory, Bethia went with them and it was in her brother and sister's home “The Hills,” near Woodville, Miss., that she married Moses Liddell. In 1815 the young couple established themselves in their new home, which they called “Elmsley.” It was two miles from Woodville in Wilkinson County, Miss. Mrs. Liddell became the mother
of four children and when her youngest was only two weeks old she died, June 15, 1824, and was buried at Elmsley. Her sister and brother-in-law John Ioor took the children and reared them in their home. Mr. Liddell survived his wife many years; he died in Little Rock, Ark., in 1857, aged 71 years.
Children of Moses and wife Bethia Frances (Richardson) Liddell were as follows: St. John Richardson, Ann C., Emily Jane, and Bethia Frances.
1st. Gen. St. John Richardson Liddell married Mary Roper of Kentucky in 1840. He was born Sept. 6, 1815. He was a Brigadier General in the Confederate Army, Civil War. Gen. Liddell was an elegant gentleman, a brave and true man, and he had a host of warm friends. His war record was published in The Southern Bivouac of 1885 and '86.
Gen. Liddell was assassinated in Catahoula Parish, La., February 14, 1870. He was still in the prime of life and had much to live for. Many were shocked at the tearful tragedy, and mingling their tears with those of his family, mourned with them.
Gen. St. John Richardson and wife Mary (Roper) Liddell had nine children as follows:
I. Bethia Liddell, who married Wade R. Young. They had children as follows: Amelia Y., Gilliard Y., Liddell Y., William Y., Bessie Y., Margaret Y., and Annie Y.
II. Moses J. Liddell married Belle Sample, they had one child—St. John Richardson Liddell. [Moses J. Liddell married Bell SEMPLE—not Sample. They had one child, St. John Richardson Liddell, who married Lucy Lee Babers in January 1902 and had the following children: St. John Darling Liddell, Frances Elizabeth Liddell, Ann Brandon Liddell, Levia Isabelle Liddell].
III. Loulie Liddell married Dr. McMillan. He died in 1899.
IV. William Liddell, though quite young, followed his father in the army, and the brave boy was wounded and died in 1864.
V. Volney Liddell married Levia Gist. They had children as follows:
1. Mary Liddell who died in 1895.
2. William Liddell who died December 14, 1896.
3. Catherine Liddell.
4. Perry Liddell.
5. Bethia Frances Liddell.
6. St. John Richardson Liddell who is now dead.
7. Lewis Gist Liddell who is also dead.
VI. Lewis Liddell married Katherine Clark. He died 1892, leaving two children:
1. Moses Volney Liddell.
2. Fred Hudson Liddell.
VII. Mary Liddell married Mr. Johnson.
VIII. Jessie Liddell married Phil C. Kolber.
IX. Sarah Liddell died in 1856.
2nd. Ann C. Liddell married William Griffin. She was the second child of Moses and wife Bethia Frances (Richardson) Liddell and was born October, 1816, and died in the year 1844. She left one child:
1. Caroline Emily Griffin who married Marcelin Gillis and they have one child—Alfred Gillis.
3rd. Emily Jane Liddell married John Hamden [Hampden] Randolph in the year 1837. She was the third child of Moses and wife Bethia Frances (Richardson) Liddell and was born January 25, 1818. Mr. Randolph died in 1883. Mrs. Randolph survived her husband twenty years—she died February 21, 1904, aged 86 years. They had eleven children as follows:
I. Sidney Randolph served in the Confederate Army and was killed at the siege of Vicksburg.
II. John Hamden Randolph married Sarah Walker. They had children as follows:
1. William V. Randolph was born 1876, died 1881.
2. John Hamden Randolph was born 1879.
3. Sarah Randolph was born 1881.
III. Peter Everett Randolph.
IV. Ellen E. Randolph married Lovick Felton [Feltus]. They have children as follows:
1. Morel Felton [Feltus] was born 1862.
2. John Hamden Felton [Feltus] was born 1866.
3. William Felton [Feltus] was born 1868.
4. Emily Felton [Feltus] was born 1870.
5. Ella Felton [Feltus] was born 1872.
V. Mary Augusta Randolph married Horace E. Upton. They had children as follows:
1. Horace Upton was born 1876.
2. John Hamden Upton was born 1878.
3. Marion Upton was born 1880.
4. George Upton was born 1882.
5. Emily Upton was born 1885.
6. Elinor Upton.
VI. Emily Jane Randolph married Rev. Dillon Lee.
VII. Cornelia Randolph married David Murrell, M.D.
VIII. Sarah Virginia Randolph died 1886.
IX. Annie Caroline Randolph married (1) Valle J. Rozier. She married (2) Mr. Williams.
X. Julia Caroline Randolph married [Judge] Valle Reyburn. They have one child—Valle Reyburn who was born in 1865.
XI. Moses Liddell Randolph married Jennie Conner. He was the youngest child of John Hamden and wife Emily Jane (Liddell) Randolph. Their nine children are as follows:
1. Fannie Randolph was born 1875.
2. Conner Randolph was born 1876.
3. Genevieve Randolph was born 1879.
4. Moses Liddell Randolph was born 1882 and died 1898.
5. Emily Jane Randolph was born 1884.
6. Gladis Randolph was born 1886.
7. Marguerite deLesseline Randolph was born 1888.
8. Edward Sidney Randolph was born 1890.
9. Ann Randolph.
4th. Bethia Frances Liddell married Francis DuBose Richardson May, 7, 1839. She was the youngest child of Moses and wife Bethia Frances (Richardson) Liddell, and was born August 5, 1819. In recording her death we copy as beautifully recorded by her only surviving son—“She died 14th of April, 1852. She lived and died a noble Christian woman. She yet lives in her children. Her life was a model to them, her counsel their greatest treasure.” She was buried at the Bayside burial ground, Iberia Parish, La.
Mr. Richardson survived his wife many years. He died June 4, 1901, and was buried at Bayside Place. The following is the inscription on his tomb:
a Life of Eighty-nine Years,
Followed by Love of Family and Friends,
Here Lies the First Master of Bayside.
Children of Frances (sic) DuBose and wife Bethia Frances (Liddell) Richardson as follows:
1. Frank Liddell Richardson, Attorney-at-Law. Married Josephine Moore April 6, 1869. He is the only son of Frances DuBose and wife Bethia Frances (Liddell) Richardson who attained majority; he was born July 28, 1843. His home is in New Orleans—1230 Sixth Street.
Col. Richardson is a distinguished jurist; his office address—Richardson & Soule, Attorneys and Counsellors at Law, Reooms Mor-
ris Building, 107 Camp Street, New Orleans, Louisiana.
Mrs. Richardson died July 26, 1897. Their children are as follows:
1. Josephine Moore Richardson.
2. Frank Liddell Richardson, Jr., died in New Orleans August 1, 1896.
3. Samuel Elliot Richardson died June 12, 1875.
4. Caroline Frances Richardson.
II. Bethia Celestine Richardson married Donelson Caffery; for many years he served Louisiana as United States Senator. Bethia Celestine was born October 13, 1846, and was married in 1869. Their home is in Franklin, St. Mary's Parish, Louisiana. Their nine children are as follows: Donelson C., Frank Richardson C., Ralph Earl C., Gertrude C., John M. C., Liddell C., Bethia C., Charles Smith C., and Edward Webster C.
III. Mary Emma Richardson died in 1848, aged 2 years, 2 months.
IV. Edward L. Richardson died in 1850, aged 13 months.
V. Margaret Emily Richardson died September 2, 1853.
VI. Moses Liddell Richardson, youngest child of Frances DuBose and wife Bethia Frances (Liddell) Richardson died in infancy.
Note A.—Previous to the war between the sections, South Carolina was divided into Districts. It was not until several years after the war that the term “District” was changed to County. Hence, the term “District” is often used in this record.
Note B.—Until railroads began to traverse the state, the State-road was the great wide thoroughfare and was so much used that in some parts there would be nine or ten separate tracks in the one road.
Note C.—With others, we have often wondered what became of the “handsome library of English bound books” mentioned in Chapter IV of this record. We have never seen one, and had never heard what became of them until last spring, 1905, we learned as follows: Bethia Frances, youngest child of Capt. William and wife Ann Magdalen (Guignard) Richardson became heir to that library. When she was moving to Mississippi with her relatives in 1810, she attempted to take the books with her. In their long journey, when crossing a river in a flat, a pair of horses became unmanageable, horses, wagon and baggage went down, and were lost. The much prized books were a part of the baggage in that wagon..
Benjamin Porter Fraser married Agnes Kirkpatrick
William Richardson Mayrant not married, Married later.
Frances Caroline Mayrant
Catherine, not Carolina Hume Simons
Died in 1896
He died about 1890.
Robert P. Mayrant . . . “leaving 3 children”.
Frances Heyward Mayrant
Margaret Richardson . . . left 4 children.
Joseph Johnston Richardson. Date of birth—April 8, 1845. Date of marriage to Charlotte Green Nesmith—February 8, 1888. Date of death—July 8, 1899.
Elizabeth Garden Richardson
line 4 from bottom
“Mary Richardson Moses mar. (3) afterwards Dr. H.D. Geddings . . . Her first husband was Gen. W.M. Taft.”
Mary R. Davis, 6th child of Buford McDonald and Rosa Brown Davis.
line 3 from bottom:
line 2 from bottom:
“Davison McD. Richardson mar. (1) Lena Cordes”
line 14 from bottom
Emma . . . mar. . . . Mayrant. He died about 1890.
Elizabeth Guignard married Gregg Maxcy. They live in Florida and have children as follows: Julia M., Sarah M., John M., Gregg M., Latimer M., Ruth M., and Guignard M.
Rev. Sanders R. Guignard . . . died 1936 (sic)?
Ethel Gibbes . . . married Dr. Cheatham
John P. Thomas, Attorney-at-Law . . . his son Waties . . . Waties Thomas
Washington A. Gibbes married Elizabeth Forster Hunt, great granddaughter of Elizabeth Gibbes and Samuel Hunt. Daughters: Mrs. Hayden C. Shover, Miss Elizabeth Guignard Gibbes, Mrs. Francis Waring Plumb, Mrs. John Tilkey Bailie.
Children of Edward Waring Ioor and wife Bethia (Waring?)
Moses J. Liddell married Bell SEMPLE—not Sample. They had one child, St. John Richardson Liddell, who married Lucy Lee Babers in January 1902 and had the following children: St. John Darling Liddell, Frances Elizabeth Liddell, Ann Brandon Liddell, Levia Isabelle Liddell.
Emily Jane Liddell married J. Hampden Randolph . . .
. . . Lovick Feltus, Morel Feltus, etc.
Marcelin Randolph married Judge Reyburn